Form: 10-Q

Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

October 27, 2016


 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2016
or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     .
Commission File Number: 001-36733
 
AXALTA COATING SYSTEMS LTD.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Bermuda
 
2851
 
98-1073028
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
Two Commerce Square
2001 Market Street
Suite 3600
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103
(855) 547-1461
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of the registrant’s principal executive offices)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Common Shares, $1.00 par value
 
 
 
New York Stock Exchange
(title of class)
 
 
 
(Exchange on which registered)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Company is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one): Large accelerated filer ý Non-accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer ¨ Smaller reporting company ¨

Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý

As of October 20, 2016, there were 240,462,407 shares of the registrant’s common shares outstanding.

 
 
 
 
 


Table of Contents

Table of Contents
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2

Table of Contents

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

AXALTA COATING SYSTEMS LTD.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share data)
    
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
2015
2016
2015
Net sales
$
1,023.4

$
1,000.3

$
3,044.1

$
3,083.6

Other revenue
5.7

4.8

18.7

20.1

Total revenue
1,029.1

1,005.1

3,062.8

3,103.7

Cost of goods sold
630.4

628.6

1,885.8

1,958.1

Selling, general and administrative expenses
242.3

219.2

699.1

677.7

Research and development expenses
14.9

13.0

41.6

38.7

Amortization of acquired intangibles
21.3

20.4

61.8

60.5

Income from operations
120.2

123.9

374.5

368.7

Interest expense, net
42.9

50.8

140.8

150.0

Other expense, net
87.4

18.9

128.2

111.4

Income (loss) before income taxes
(10.1
)
54.2

105.5

107.3

Provision (benefit) for income taxes
(0.6
)
17.8

34.3

48.5

Net income (loss)
(9.5
)
36.4

71.2

58.8

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
1.2

1.3

3.7

3.7

Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interests
$
(10.7
)
$
35.1

$
67.5

$
55.1

Basic net income (loss) per share
$
(0.04
)
$
0.15

$
0.28

$
0.24

Diluted net income (loss) per share
$
(0.04
)
$
0.15

$
0.28

$
0.23

Basic weighted average shares outstanding
238.5

235.9

237.8

232.7

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
238.5

240.9

242.4

239.1


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.


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Table of Contents

AXALTA COATING SYSTEMS LTD.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) (Unaudited)
(In millions)
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
2015
2016
2015
Net income (loss)
$
(9.5
)
$
36.4

$
71.2

$
58.8

Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax:
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
14.6

(64.4
)
16.7

(146.7
)
Unrealized gain (loss) on securities
0.6

(0.4
)
0.3


Unrealized gain (loss) on derivatives
1.7

(3.5
)

(8.0
)
Unrealized gain (loss) on pension
0.1

(0.8
)
0.2

(4.8
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax
17.0

(69.1
)
17.2

(159.5
)
Income tax provision related to items of other comprehensive income

1.2


4.6

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
17.0

(67.9
)
17.2

(154.9
)
Comprehensive income (loss)
7.5

(31.5
)
88.4

(96.1
)
Less: Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
2.2

(0.8
)
4.5

1.4

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to controlling interests
$
5.3

$
(30.7
)
$
83.9

$
(97.5
)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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Table of Contents

AXALTA COATING SYSTEMS LTD.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share data)
 
September 30, 2016
December 31, 2015
Assets
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
528.3

$
485.0

Restricted cash
2.8

2.7

Accounts and notes receivable, net
871.3

765.8

Inventories
545.6

530.7

Prepaid expenses and other
58.9

63.6

Deferred income taxes
65.7

69.5

Total current assets
2,072.6

1,917.3

Property, plant and equipment, net
1,372.3

1,382.9

Goodwill
1,015.9

928.2

Identifiable intangibles, net
1,239.9

1,191.6

Other assets
441.8

434.2

Total assets
$
6,142.5

$
5,854.2

Liabilities, Shareholders’ Equity
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
Accounts payable
$
469.2

$
454.7

Current portion of borrowings
54.2

50.1

Deferred income taxes
6.5

6.6

Other accrued liabilities
386.2

370.2

Total current liabilities
916.1

881.6

Long-term borrowings
3,428.1

3,391.4

Long-term employee benefits
243.3

252.3

Deferred income taxes
192.3

165.5

Other liabilities
31.9

22.2

Total liabilities
4,811.7

4,713.0

Commitments and contingencies (Note 5)


Shareholders’ equity
 
 
Common shares, $1.00 par, 1,000.0 shares authorized, 240.1 and 237.9 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively
238.9

237.0

Capital in excess of par
1,289.8

1,238.8

Accumulated deficit
(65.3
)
(132.8
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(252.9
)
(269.3
)
Total Axalta shareholders’ equity
1,210.5

1,073.7

Noncontrolling interests
120.3

67.5

Total shareholders’ equity
1,330.8

1,141.2

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
6,142.5

$
5,854.2


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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Table of Contents

AXALTA COATING SYSTEMS LTD.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(In millions)
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
2015
Operating activities:
 
 
Net income
$
71.2

$
58.8

Adjustment to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
235.8

225.5

Amortization of financing costs and original issue discount
14.6

15.5

Debt extinguishment and refinancing related costs
84.2


Deferred income taxes
(14.0
)
(1.1
)
Realized and unrealized foreign exchange losses, net
30.6

90.2

Stock-based compensation
31.6

22.1

Asset impairment
10.5

30.6

Other non-cash, net
(10.4
)
5.2

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
Trade accounts and notes receivable
(103.8
)
(111.6
)
Inventories
0.1

(44.7
)
Prepaid expenses and other
(31.2
)
(57.3
)
Accounts payable
14.0

(10.1
)
Other accrued liabilities
0.4

(41.5
)
Other liabilities
(9.8
)
(17.8
)
Cash provided by operating activities
323.8

163.8

Investing activities:
 
 
Business acquisitions (net of cash acquired)
(103.5
)
(19.9
)
Purchase of property, plant and equipment
(95.3
)
(93.8
)
Restricted cash

1.7

Purchase of intangibles
(3.9
)
(0.3
)
Other investing activities
(2.4
)
1.2

Cash used for investing activities
(205.1
)
(111.1
)
Financing activities:
 
 
Proceeds from short-term borrowings

3.0

Proceeds from long-term borrowings
1,377.6


Payments on short-term borrowings
(7.2
)
(15.6
)
Payments on long-term borrowings
(1,375.5
)
(20.5
)
Payments for refinancing related costs
(78.3
)

Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests
(3.0
)
(4.4
)
Proceeds from option exercises and associated tax benefits
21.3

67.8

Other financing activities
(0.2
)
(0.2
)
Cash provided by (used for) financing activities
(65.3
)
30.1

Increase in cash and cash equivalents
53.4

82.8

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(10.1
)
(53.3
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
485.0

382.1

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
528.3

$
411.6

Supplemental cash flow information
 
 
Non-cash investing activities:
 
 
Accrued capital expenditures
$
21.6

$
17.2

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)



(1)     BASIS OF PRESENTATION OF THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The interim condensed consolidated financial statements included herein are unaudited. In the opinion of management, these statements include all adjustments, consisting only of normal, recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the financial position of Axalta Coating Systems Ltd., a Bermuda exempted company limited by shares, and its consolidated subsidiaries ("Axalta," the "Company," "we," "our" and "us") at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the results of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, and their cash flows for the nine months then ended. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. These interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated and combined financial statements and notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015. The year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
The interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Axalta and its subsidiaries, and entities in which a controlling interest is maintained. Certain of our joint ventures are accounted for on a one-month lag basis, the effect of which is not material.
The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for a full year.
The Acquisition
The acquisition ("Acquisition") by Axalta and certain of its indirect subsidiaries of all the capital stock, other equity interests and assets of certain entities which, together with their subsidiaries, comprised the DuPont Performance Coatings business ("DPC"), formerly owned by E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company ("DuPont"), closed on February 1, 2013.
The Carlyle Offerings
In November 2014, we priced our initial public offering ("IPO") in which certain selling shareholders affiliated with The Carlyle Group L.P. ("Carlyle") sold 57,500,000 common shares at a price of $19.50 per share.
Subsequent to the IPO, Carlyle completed six secondary offerings for an aggregate of 170.3 million common shares from April 2015 through August 2016 with offering prices ranging from $27.93 to $29.75 ("Carlyle Offerings"). We did not receive any proceeds from the sale of common shares in any of the Carlyle Offerings.
Effective with the August 2016 Carlyle offering, Carlyle no longer has any beneficial interest in Axalta's common shares, other than de minimis amounts held or owned in the ordinary course of business purchased subsequent to the Acquisition.
(2)    RECENT ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE
Accounting Guidance Issued But Not Yet Adopted
In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-09, "Stock Compensation", which provides various areas of simplification surrounding the accounting for stock-based compensation. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted prior to this date. We are in the process of assessing the impact the adoption of this standard will have on our balance sheets, statements of operations and statements of cash flows.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, "Leases", which requires lessees to recognize the assets and liabilities arising from all leases (both finance and operating) on the balance sheet. In addition to this main provision, this standard included a number of additional changes to lease accounting. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted prior to this date. We are in the process of assessing the impact the adoption of this standard will have on our balance sheets, statements of operations and statements of cash flows.

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, "Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes", which requires that all deferred tax assets and liabilities be classified as non-current on the balance sheet. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted. We intend to early adopt this standard on December 31, 2016. The impacts to the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets would have resulted in corresponding net reclassifications from current assets and liabilities to non-current assets and liabilities at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 of $59.2 million and $62.9 million, respectively.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)", which sets forth the guidance that an entity should use related to revenue recognition. This standard was effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those fiscal years. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Deferral of the Effective Date," which delayed the effective date of the new revenue accounting standard to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and the interim periods within those fiscal years. Companies will be allowed to early adopt the guidance as of the original effective date. Early adoption is not permitted prior to this date. In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing," which provides clarification around identifying performance obligations and the treatment of different licensing contracts. Additional standards related to revenue from contracts with customers have been issued during 2016 to provide narrow scope improvements and clarification. We are in the process of assessing the impact the adoption of this standard will have on our balance sheets, statements of operations and statements of cash flows.
We have determined that all other recently issued accounting standards will not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements or do not apply to our operations.
(3)    GOODWILL AND IDENTIFIABLE INTANGIBLE ASSETS
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, we completed three business acquisitions. These include a refinish business based in Southeast Asia, a light-vehicle business specializing in interior coatings based in North America and fifty-one percent of a controlling interest in an industrial business specializing in coil and spray coatings (together, the "2016 Acquisitions" or combined with immaterial acquisitions completed during 2015, the "2016 and 2015 Acquisitions"). Under the terms of the fifty-one percent acquisition, we are committed to purchase the remaining non-controlling interest of the entity in two equal installments in 2018 and 2019. The fair value of the non-controlling interest was $51.3 million as of the acquisition date. The 2016 Acquisitions were accounted for as business combinations and the overall impacts to our condensed consolidated financial statements were not considered material, either individually or in the aggregate, as of and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016. The total fair value of net assets acquired, including minority interests, was $156.6 million and aggregate net sales for the 2016 Acquisitions on our condensed consolidated statements of operations for both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 was $21.4 million. In addition to the goodwill associated with our minority interests from the 2016 Acquisitions, the fair value associated with definite-lived intangibles assets was $96.8 million, comprised of $17.7 million in technology, $9.3 million of trademarks, $69.3 million of customer relationships and $0.5 million of non-compete agreements. At September 30, 2016, we have not finalized the purchase accounting related to the 2016 Acquisitions and these amounts represent preliminary values. We expect to finalize our purchase accounting during the respective measurement periods which will be no later than one year following the closing dates.
Goodwill
The following table shows changes in the carrying amount of goodwill from December 31, 2015 to September 30, 2016 by reportable segment:
 
Performance
Coatings
Transportation
Coatings
Total
December 31, 2015
$
866.1

$
62.1

$
928.2

Goodwill from acquisitions
59.2

15.5

74.7

Foreign currency translation
12.1

0.9

13.0

September 30, 2016
$
937.4

$
78.5

$
1,015.9


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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


Identifiable Intangible Assets
The following table summarizes the gross carrying amounts and accumulated amortization of identifiable intangible assets by major class:
September 30, 2016
Gross Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Book
Value
Weighted average
amortization periods (years)
Technology
$
435.2

$
(149.6
)
$
285.6

10.2
Trademarks - indefinite-lived
287.3


287.3

Indefinite
Trademarks - definite-lived
55.5

(11.0
)
44.5

14.8
Customer relationships
752.2

(130.5
)
621.7

18.9
Non-compete agreements
2.4

(1.6
)
0.8

4.6
Total
$
1,532.6

$
(292.7
)
$
1,239.9

 
December 31, 2015
Gross Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Book
Value
Weighted average
amortization periods (years)
Technology
$
413.0

$
(117.2
)
$
295.8

10.0
Trademarks—indefinite-lived
284.4


284.4

 Indefinite
Trademarks—definite-lived
45.2

(8.5
)
36.7

14.7
Customer relationships
676.1

(102.1
)
574.0

19.3
Non-compete agreements
1.9

(1.2
)
0.7

4.6
Total
$
1,420.6

$
(229.0
)
$
1,191.6

 
The estimated amortization expense related to the fair value of acquired intangible assets for the remainder of 2016 and each of the succeeding five years is:
Remainder of 2016
$
21.6

2017
$
86.1

2018
$
86.1

2019
$
86.0

2020
$
86.0

2021
$
85.9

(4)    RESTRUCTURING
In accordance with the applicable guidance for Nonretirement Postemployment Benefits, we accounted for termination benefits and recognized liabilities when it was considered probable that employees were entitled to termination benefits and the amounts could be reasonably estimated.
We have incurred costs in connection with involuntary termination benefits associated with our corporate-related initiatives, including our transition to a standalone entity and cost-saving opportunities associated with our Fit For Growth and Axalta Way initiatives. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, we incurred restructuring costs of $15.6 million and $21.2 million, respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, we recognized a benefit resulting from a change in estimate of $0.7 million and costs of $16.0 million, respectively. These amounts are recorded within selling, general and administrative expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The payments associated with these actions are expected to be substantially completed within 12 to 15 months from September 30, 2016.

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


The following table summarizes the activities related to the restructuring reserves and expenses from December 31, 2015 to September 30, 2016:
 
2016 Activity
Balance at December 31, 2015
$
41.3

Expense Recorded
21.2

Payments Made
(19.8
)
Foreign Currency Impacts
0.6

Balance at September 30, 2016
$
43.3

(5)
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Guarantees
We directly guarantee various debt obligations with third parties related to the following: equity affiliates, customers, suppliers and other affiliated companies. No amounts were accrued at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015.
Leases
At September 30, 2016, we have recorded approximately $25.1 million in property, plant and equipment representing our landlord's estimated costs incurred to construct properties under two separate build-to-suit lease arrangements. Both leases commenced construction during 2015 with construction expected to be completed during 2016 and 2017 for the two properties, respectively. The construction related to the build-to-suit leases have estimated total costs of approximately $55.0 million.
For accounting purposes, we are deemed the owner of the assets during the construction period and are required to record these costs as construction in progress during the construction period, with an offsetting liability in the same amount recorded to current and long-term borrowings, depending on the expected construction completion dates. These costs do not reflect the Company’s cash obligations, but represent the landlord’s costs to construct the properties, including costs for tenant improvements.
Other
We are subject to various pending lawsuits and other claims including civil, regulatory, and environmental matters. Certain of these lawsuits and other claims may have an impact on us. These litigation matters may involve indemnification obligations by third parties and/or insurance coverage covering all or part of any potential damage awards against DuPont and/or us. All of the above matters are subject to many uncertainties and, accordingly, we cannot determine the ultimate outcome of the lawsuits at this time.
The potential effects, if any, on the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Axalta will be recorded in the period in which these matters are probable and estimable, and such effects could be material.
In addition to the aforementioned matters, we are party to various legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business. Although the ultimate resolution of these various proceedings cannot be determined at this time, management does not believe that such proceedings, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Axalta.

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(6)    LONG-TERM EMPLOYEE BENEFITS
Components of Net Periodic Benefit Cost
The following table sets forth the components of net periodic benefit cost for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
2015
2016
2015
Components of net periodic benefit cost:
 
 
 
 
Net periodic benefit cost:
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
2.4

$
2.7

$
7.5

$
9.1

Interest cost
3.7

3.9

11.5

13.1

Expected return on plan assets
(3.0
)
(3.7
)
(9.6
)
(11.0
)
Amortization of actuarial loss, net
0.1

0.2

0.2

0.7

Amortization of prior service credit, net



(0.1
)
Net periodic benefit cost
$
3.2

$
3.1

$
9.6

$
11.8

Net periodic benefit gains associated with other long-term employee benefits consisted of amortization of prior service credits of $0.9 million and $2.8 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively. At September 30, 2016, there were no liabilities associated with other long-term employee benefits as the plan was effectively settled at December 31, 2015.
(7)    STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, we recognized $10.0 million and $31.6 million, respectively, in stock-based compensation expense which was allocated between costs of goods sold and selling, general and administrative expenses on the condensed consolidated statements of operations. We recognized a tax benefit of $5.3 million and $10.8 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, respectively.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, we recognized $7.9 million and $22.1 million, respectively, in stock-based compensation expense which was allocated primarily to cost of goods sold, selling, general and administrative expenses and research and development expenses on the condensed consolidated statements of operations. We recognized a tax benefit of $2.8 million and $6.6 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively.
Included in the $22.1 million of stock-based compensation expense recorded during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 was $8.2 million of stock-based compensation expense attributable to the accelerated vesting of all issued and outstanding stock options issued under the Axalta Coating Systems Bermuda Co., Ltd. 2013 Equity Incentive Plan (the "2013 Plan") as a result of a change in control (the "Change in Control") in April 2015 when Carlyle's interest in Axalta decreased below 50%, which triggered a liquidity event as defined in the 2013 Plan.
Compensation cost is recorded net of forfeitures. The forfeiture rate assumption is the estimated annual rate at which unvested awards are expected to be forfeited during the vesting period. Periodically, management will assess whether it is necessary to adjust the estimated rate to reflect changes in actual forfeitures or changes in expectations. At September 30, 2016, the Company has estimated its annual forfeiture rate at 0% due to its historical trends and expectations of forfeitures.

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


Stock Options
The Black-Scholes option pricing model is used to estimate fair value of the options as of the date of the grant. The weighted average fair value of options granted in 2016 was $5.68 per share. Principal weighted average assumptions used in applying the Black-Scholes model were as follows:
 
2016 Grants
Expected Term
6.00 years

Volatility
21.63
%
Dividend Yield

Discount Rate
1.45
%
Options granted under the 2014 Incentive Award Plan (the "2014 Plan) vest ratably over 3 years and have a life of no more than 10 years. For the option grants, the market value of the stock is the closing price of the stock on the date of grant. The expected term assumptions used for the 2016 and 2015 grants were also determined using the simplified method and resulted in an expected term of 6 years. We do not anticipate paying cash dividends in the foreseeable future and, therefore, used an expected dividend yield of zero. Volatility for outstanding options is based upon an industry peer group since the Company was either privately-held at the date of grant or had a limited history as a public company. The discount rate was derived from the U.S. Treasury yield curve. The exercise price and market value per share amounts were as of the date the stock options were granted.
A summary of stock option award activity as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, is presented below:
 
Awards/Units (millions)
Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 (millions)
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (years)
Outstanding at January 1, 2016
11.0

$
12.19

 
 
Granted
1.1

$
23.27

 
 
Exercised
(1.7
)
$
8.09

 
 
Forfeited / cancelled
(0.4
)
$
9.48

 
 
Outstanding at September 30, 2016
10.0

$
14.16

 
 
Vested and expected to vest at September 30, 2016
10.0

$
14.16

$
146.0

7.42
Exercisable at September 30, 2016
8.1

$
11.17

$
140.5

7.04
Cash received by the Company upon exercise of options for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was $21.3 million, inclusive of tax benefits of $7.5 million. The future tax benefit related to exercises during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was $10.2 million. The Company may settle option exercises by issuing new shares, treasury shares or shares purchased on the open market. The intrinsic value of options exercised for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was $34.2 million.
At September 30, 2016, there was $6.5 million of unrecognized compensation cost relating to outstanding unvested stock options expected to be recognized over the weighted average period of 2.0 years. Compensation expense is recognized for the fair values of the stock options over the requisite service period of the awards using the graded-vesting attribution method.
Restricted Stock Awards and Restricted Stock Units
During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, we issued 0.8 million shares of restricted stock awards and restricted stock units with an average grant price of $23.39 per share. A portion of these awards vest ratably over three years. Other awards granted to certain members of management cliff vest over two and three year periods and are subject to accelerated vesting in the event of the award recipient's termination of employment under certain circumstances.

12

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


A summary of restricted stock and restricted stock unit award activity as of September 30, 2016 is presented below:
 
Awards
(millions)
Weighted-Average
Fair Value
Outstanding at January 1, 2016
1.7

$
32.22

Granted
0.8

$
23.39

Vested
(0.2
)
$
31.71

Forfeited

$

Outstanding at September 30, 2016
2.3

$
29.22

Tax benefits on the vesting of restricted stock were $1.9 million.
At September 30, 2016, there was $31.2 million of unamortized expense relating to unvested restricted stock and restricted stock units that is expected to be amortized over a weighted average period of 1.9 years. Compensation expense is recognized for the fair values of the awards over the requisite service period of the awards using the graded-vesting attribution method.
Performance Stock Awards and Performance Share Units
During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company granted performance stock awards and performance share units (collectively referred to as "PSUs") to certain employees of the Company as part of their annual equity compensation award.
PSUs are tied to the Company’s total shareholder return ("TSR") relative to the TSR of a selected industry peer group. Each award covers a three-year performance cycle starting January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2018 with a three-year service period vesting requirement. Awards will cliff vest upon meeting the applicable TSR thresholds and the three-year service requirement. The actual number of shares awarded is adjusted to between zero and 200% of the target award amount based upon achievement of pre-determined objectives. TSR relative to peers is considered a market condition under applicable authoritative guidance. 
A summary of performance stock and performance stock unit award activity as of September 30, 2016 is presented below:
 
Awards
(millions)
Weighted-Average
Fair Value
Outstanding at January 1, 2016

$

Granted
0.3

$
24.74

Vested

$

Forfeited

$

Outstanding at September 30, 2016
0.3

$
24.74

At September 30, 2016, there was $6.7 million of unamortized expense relating to unvested PSUs that is expected to be amortized over a weighted average period of 2.3 years. Compensation expense is recognized for the fair values of the awards over the requisite service period of the awards using the graded-vesting attribution method.

13

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(8)    OTHER EXPENSE, NET
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
2015
2016
2015
Foreign exchange losses, net
$
4.5

$
23.7

$
30.0

$
90.2

Impairment of real estate investment


10.5

30.6

Debt extinguishment and refinancing related costs
81.9


84.2


Other miscellaneous expense (income), net
1.0

(4.8
)
3.5

(9.4
)
Total
$
87.4

$
18.9

$
128.2

$
111.4

Our net exchange losses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 consists of the impacts on our Euro borrowings combined with those impacts related to our Venezuela subsidiary, which is a U.S. dollar functional entity, and the remeasurement of the non-U.S. dollar denominated monetary assets and liabilities. Amounts were also directly impacted by impairment charges on our non-operational real estate investment (discussed further at Note 20). These exchange losses were slightly offset by gains resulting from the remeasurement of intercompany transactions denominated in currencies different from the functional currency of the relevant subsidiary.
Expense related to debt extinguishment and refinancing related costs includes redemption premiums on our 2021 Dollar Senior Notes and 2021 Euro Senior Notes during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, as well as the unamortized (or pro-rata unamortized) deferred financing costs and original issue discounts associated with the debt extinguishments. See Note 14 for further information.
Other miscellaneous expense (income), net included a gain for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 resulting from the acquisition of an additional 25% interest in an equity method investee for a purchase price of $4.3 million. As a result of the acquisition, we obtained a controlling interest and recognized a gain of $5.4 million on the remeasurement of our previously held equity interest as of the acquisition date.
(9)    INCOME TAXES
Our effective income tax rates for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 are as follows:
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
2015
Effective Tax Rate
32.5
%
45.2
%
The lower effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was primarily due to less pre-tax impairment charges in Venezuela which were not tax-deductible. This resulted in a 10.0% increase in the effective tax rate in 2015 compared to 2.9% in 2016. This decrease was partially offset by the unfavorable impact of pre-tax losses on debt extinguishment and other financing-related costs incurred in connection with the refinancing activities and voluntary prepayments (see discussion at Note 14), as we do not expect to realize a tax benefit for a portion of these losses.
The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 differs from the U.S. Federal statutory rate due to various items that impacted the effective rate both favorably and unfavorably. We recorded favorable adjustments for earnings in jurisdictions where the statutory rate is lower than the U.S. Federal statutory rate and currency exchange losses, which were partially offset by the unfavorable impact of pre-tax losses attributable to jurisdictions where a tax benefit is not expected to be realized, non-deductible expenses and interest and a pre-tax impairment charge in Venezuela that was non-deductible.

14

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(10)    NET INCOME (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE
Basic net income (loss) per common share excludes the dilutive impact of potentially dilutive securities and is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted net income per common share includes the effect of potential dilution from the exercise of outstanding stock options, restricted shares and performance shares. Potentially dilutive securities have been excluded in the weighted average number of common shares used for the calculation of net income per share in periods of net loss because the effect of such securities would be anti-dilutive. A reconciliation of our basic and diluted net income per common share is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions, except per share data)
2016
2015
2016
2015
Net income (loss) to common shareholders
$
(10.7
)
$
35.1

$
67.5

$
55.1

Basic weighted average shares outstanding
238.5

235.9

237.8

232.7

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
238.5

240.9

242.4

239.1

Net income (loss) per Common Share:
 
 


Basic net income (loss) per share
$
(0.04
)
$
0.15

$
0.28

$
0.24

Diluted net income (loss) per share
$
(0.04
)
$
0.15

$
0.28

$
0.23

The number of anti-dilutive shares that have been excluded in the computation of diluted net income (loss) per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 were 13.0 million and 1.4 million, respectively. The number of anti-dilutive shares that have been excluded in the computation of diluted net income (loss) per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 were 1.1 million and 0.6 million, respectively.
(11)    ACCOUNTS AND NOTES RECEIVABLE, NET
 
September 30, 2016
December 31, 2015
Accounts receivable—trade, net
$
714.7

$
647.2

Notes receivable
65.6

43.0

Other
91.0

75.6

Total
$
871.3

$
765.8

Accounts and notes receivable are carried at amounts that approximate fair value. Accounts receivable—trade, net are net of allowances of $12.1 million and $10.7 million at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. Bad debt expense, within selling, general, and administration expenses, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, was $0.6 million and $1.7 million, respectively, and income of $0.2 million and expense of $3.3 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively.
(12)    INVENTORIES
 
September 30, 2016
December 31, 2015
Finished products
$
320.4

$
313.1

Semi-finished products
85.1

88.5

Raw materials and supplies
140.1

129.1

Total
$
545.6

$
530.7

Stores and supplies inventories of $21.0 million and $20.8 million at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, were valued under the weighted average cost method.

15

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(13) PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET
Depreciation expense amounted to $45.0 million and $130.6 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, respectively, and $42.2 million and $127.9 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively.
 
September 30, 2016
December 31, 2015
Property, plant and equipment
$
1,974.8

$
1,855.3

Accumulated depreciation
(602.5
)
(472.4
)
Property, plant, and equipment, net
$
1,372.3

$
1,382.9

(14)    BORROWINGS
Borrowings are summarized as follows:
 
September 30, 2016
December 31, 2015
New Dollar Term Loan
$
1,925.3

$
2,042.5

New Euro Term Loan
209.7

428.0

2021 Dollar Senior Notes

750.0

2021 Euro Senior Notes

274.4

2024 Dollar Senior Notes
500.0


2024 Euro Senior Notes
375.7


2025 Euro Senior Notes
504.7


Short-term and other borrowings
37.0

26.5

Unamortized original issue discount
(12.7
)
(14.0
)
Unamortized deferred financing costs
(57.4
)
(65.9
)
 
$
3,482.3

$
3,441.5

Less:
 
 
Short term borrowings
$
26.7

$
22.7

Current portion of long-term borrowings
27.5

27.4

Long-term debt
$
3,428.1

$
3,391.4

Senior Secured Credit Facilities, as amended
On February 3, 2014 (the "Second Amendment Effective Date"), Axalta Coating Systems Dutch B B.V. ("Dutch B B.V."), as "Dutch Borrower", and its indirect wholly-owned subsidiary, Axalta Coating Systems U.S. Holdings Inc. ("Axalta US Holdings"), as "US Borrower", executed the second amendment to the Senior Secured Credit Facilities (the "Second Amendment"). The Second Amendment (i) converted all of the outstanding Dollar Term Loans ($2,282.8 million) into a new class of term loans (the "New Dollar Term Loans"), and (ii) converted all of the outstanding Euro Term Loans (€397.0 million) into a new class of term loans (the "New Euro Term Loans" and, together with the New Dollar Term Loans and the Revolving Credit Facility (as defined herein), the "Senior Secured Credit Facilities"). The New Dollar Term Loans are subject to a floor of 1.00%, plus an applicable rate after the Second Amendment Effective Date. The applicable rate for such New Dollar Term Loans is 3.00% per annum for Eurocurrency Rate Loans as defined in the credit agreement governing the Senior Secured Credit Facilities (the "Credit Agreement") and 2.00% per annum for Base Rate Loans as defined in the Credit Agreement. The applicable rate for both Eurocurrency Rate Loans as well as Base Rate Loans is subject to a further 25 basis point reduction if the Total Net Leverage Ratio as defined in the Credit Agreement governing the Senior Secured Credit Facilities is less than or equal to 4.50:1.00. The New Euro Term Loans are also subject to a floor of 1.00%, plus an applicable rate after the Amendment Effective Date. The applicable rate for such New Euro Term Loans is 3.25% per annum for Eurocurrency Rate Loans. New Euro Term Loans may not be Base Rate Loans. The applicable rate is subject to a further 25 basis point reduction if the Total Net Leverage Ratio is less than or equal to 4.50:1.00. During the third quarter of 2014, our Total Net Leverage Ratio was and has continued to be less than 4.50:1.00.

16

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


Consequently, the applicable rates were changed to 2.75% for the New Dollar Term Loans and 3.00% for the New Euro Term Loans through September 30, 2016
Interest is payable quarterly on both the New Dollar Term Loan and the New Euro Term Loan. Prior to the Second Amendment, interest on the Dollar Term Loan was subject to a floor of 1.25% for Eurocurrency Rate Loans plus an applicable rate of 3.50%. For Base Rate Loans, the interest was subject to a floor of the greater of the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, the Prime Lending Rate, an Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate, or 2.25% plus an applicable rate of 2.50%. Interest on the Euro Term Loan, a Eurocurrency Loan, was subject to a floor of 1.25% plus an applicable rate of 4.00%.
Any indebtedness under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities may be voluntarily prepaid in whole or in part, in minimum amounts, subject to the make-whole provisions set forth in the Credit Agreement. Such indebtedness is subject to mandatory prepayments amounting to the proceeds of asset sales over $25.0 million annually, proceeds from certain debt issuances not otherwise permitted under the Credit Agreement and 50% (subject to a step-down to 25.0% or 0% if the First Lien Leverage Ratio falls below 4.25:1.00 or 3.50:1.00, respectively) of Excess Cash Flow.
The Senior Secured Credit Facilities are secured by substantially all assets of Axalta Coating Systems Dutch A B. V. ("Dutch A B.V.") and the guarantors. The New Dollar Term Loan and New Euro Term Loan mature on February 1, 2020. Principal is paid quarterly on both the New Dollar Term Loan and the New Euro Term Loan based on 1% per annum of the original principal amount with the unpaid balance due at maturity.
We are subject to customary negative covenants in addition to the First Lien Leverage Ratio financial covenant. Further, the Senior Secured Credit Facility, among other things, includes customary restrictions (subject to certain exceptions) on the Company’s ability to incur certain indebtedness, grant certain liens, make certain investments, declare or pay certain dividends, or repurchase shares of the Company’s common stock. As of September 30, 2016, the Company is in compliance with all covenants under the Senior Secured Credit Facility.
Revolving Credit Facility
On August 1, 2016 (the "Third Amendment Effective Date"), Dutch B B.V. and Axalta US Holdings executed the third amendment to the Senior Secured Credit Facilities (the "Third Amendment"). The Third Amendment impacted the Revolving Credit Facility by (i) extending the maturity of the Revolving Credit Facility to five years from the Amendment Effective Date, or August 1, 2021, provided that such date will be accelerated to the date that is 91 days prior to the maturity of the term loans borrowed under the Credit Agreement if the maturity of such term loans precedes the maturity of the Revolving Credit Facility, (ii) decreasing the applicable interest margins, and (iii) amending the financial covenant applicable to the Revolving Credit Facility to be applicable only when greater than 30% (previously 25%) of the Revolving Credit Facility (including letters of credit not cash collateralized to at least 103%) is outstanding at the end of the fiscal quarter. If such conditions are met, the First Lien Net Leverage Ratio at the end of the quarter is required to be greater than 5.50:1.00. At September 30, 2016, the financial covenant is not applicable as there were no borrowings.
Under the Third Amendment, interest on any outstanding borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility is subject to a floor of 0.00% for Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate Loans (as defined in the Credit Agreement) plus an applicable rate of 2.75% (previously 3.50%) subject to an additional step-down to 2.50% or 2.25%, if the First Lien Net Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Credit Agreement) falls below 3.00:1.00 or 2.50:1.00, respectively. For Base Rate Loans, the interest is subject to a floor of the greater of the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, the Prime Lending Rate or an Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate plus 1%, plus an applicable rate of 1.75% (previously 2.50%), subject to an additional step-down to 1.50% or 1.25%, if the First Lien Net Leverage Ratio falls below 3.00:1.00 and 2.50:1.00, respectively.
Under circumstances described in the Credit Agreement, we may increase available revolving or term facility borrowings by up to $400.0 million plus an additional amount subject to the Company not exceeding a maximum first lien leverage ratio described in the Credit Agreement.
In connection with the Third Amendment to the Credit Agreement discussed above, we recorded a pre-tax loss on extinguishment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 of $2.3 million.
There have been no borrowings outstanding on the Revolving Credit Facility since the issuance of the Senior Secured Credit Facilities. At September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, letters of credit issued under the Revolving Credit Facility totaled $21.5 million and $24.9 million, respectively, which reduced the availability under the Revolving Credit Facility. Availability under the Revolving Credit Facility was $378.5 million and $375.1 million at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

17

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


Significant Transactions
In April and September of 2016, we voluntarily prepaid $100.0 million and €200.0 million in principal of the outstanding New Dollar Term Loan and New Euro Term Loan, respectively. As a result, we recorded pre-tax losses on extinguishment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 of $4.3 million and $6.6 million, respectively, consisting of the write-off of unamortized deferred financing costs and original issue discounts.
Significant Terms of the 2021 Senior Notes
On February 1, 2013, Axalta Coating Systems Dutch Holding B B.V, as the “Dutch Issuer”, an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, and Axalta Coating Systems LLC, as the “U.S. Issuer” (collectively the "Issuers") issued $750.0 million aggregate principal amount of 7.375% senior unsecured notes due 2021 (the "2021 Dollar Senior Notes") and related guarantees thereof. Additionally, the Issuers issued €250.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.750% senior secured notes due 2021 (the "2021 Euro Senior Notes" and, together with the Dollar Senior Notes, the "2021 Senior Notes") and related guarantees thereof. The Senior Notes are unconditionally guaranteed on a senior basis by Dutch A B.V. and certain of the Issuers’ subsidiaries.
The indentures governing the Senior Notes contain covenants that restrict the ability of the Issuers and their subsidiaries to, among other things, incur additional debt, make certain payments including payment of dividends or repurchase equity interest of the Issuers, make loans or acquisitions or capital contributions and certain investments, incur certain liens, sell assets, merge or consolidate or liquidate other entities, and enter into transactions with affiliates.
Issuance of New Senior Notes and Redemption of 2021 Senior Notes
On August 16, 2016, the U.S. Issuer, issued $500.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 4.875% Senior Unsecured Notes (the “2024 Dollar Senior Notes”) and €335.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 4.250% Senior Unsecured Notes (the “2024 Euro Senior Notes”), each due August 2024 (collectively the “2024 Senior Notes” and with the 2025 Euro Senior Notes, the “New Senior Notes”, each of which is described in detail below), for the primary purpose of redeeming the 2021 Dollar Senior Notes (the “August Refinancing”). Consistent with the terms of the 2021 Dollar Senior Notes, we extinguished the principal at a redemption price equal to 105.531%.
In connection with the August Refinancing, we recorded a $56.9 million pre-tax loss on extinguishment and other financing-related costs for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016. The pre-tax loss was comprised of the redemption premium of $41.5 million, write-off of unamortized deferred financing costs attributable to the 2021 Dollar Senior Notes of $13.0 million and other fees directly associated with the transaction of $2.4 million.
In addition, on September 27, 2016, the Dutch Issuer issued €450.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 3.750% Euro Senior Unsecured Notes due January 2025 (the “2025 Euro Senior Notes”) for the primary purpose of redeeming the 2021 Euro Senior Notes and the prepayment of the New Euro Term Loan (the “September Refinancing”). Consistent with the original terms of the 2021 Euro Senior Notes, we extinguished the principal at a redemption price equal to 104.313%.
In connection with the September Refinancing, we recorded an $18.4 million pre-tax loss on extinguishment and other financing-related costs for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016. The pre-tax loss was comprised of the redemption premium of $12.1 million, write-off of unamortized deferred financing costs attributable to the 2021 Euro Senior Notes of $5.6 million and other fees directly associated with the transaction of $0.7 million.
The New Senior Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Axalta Coating Systems Dutch Holdings B B.V., an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“Parent Guarantor”).
The indentures governing the New Senior Notes contain covenants that restrict the ability of the Issuers and their subsidiaries to, among other things, incur additional debt, make certain payments including payment of dividends or repurchase equity interest of the Issuers, make loans or acquisitions or capital contributions and certain investments, incur certain liens, sell assets, merge or consolidate or liquidate other entities, and enter into transactions with affiliates.

18

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(i) 2024 Dollar Senior Notes
The 2024 Dollar Senior Notes were issued at 99.951% of par, or $2.0 million discount, and are due August 15, 2024. The 2024 Dollar Senior Notes bear interest at 4.875% and are payable semi-annually on February 15 and August 15. We have the option to redeem all or part of the 2024 Dollar Senior Notes at the following redemption prices (expressed as percentages of principal amount) on or after August 15 of the years indicated:
Period
2024 Dollar Notes Percentage
2019
103.656
%
2020
102.438
%
2021
101.219
%
2022 and thereafter
100.000
%
Notwithstanding the foregoing, at any time and from time to time prior to August 15, 2019, we may at our option redeem in the aggregate up to 40% of the original aggregate principal amount of the 2024 Dollar Senior Notes with the net cash proceeds of one or more Equity Offerings (as defined in the indenture governing the 2024 Dollar Senior Notes) at a redemption price of 104.875% plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date. At least 50% of the original aggregate principal of the notes must remain outstanding after each such redemption.
Upon the occurrence of certain events constituting a change of control, holders of the 2024 Dollar Senior Notes have the right to require us to repurchase all or any part of the 2024 Dollar Senior Notes at a purchase price equal to 101.0% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the repurchase date.
The 2024 Dollar Senior Notes, subject to local law limitations, will initially be jointly and severally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by each of the Parent Guarantor’s existing and future direct and indirect subsidiaries that is a borrower under or that guarantees the Senior Secured Credit Facilities. Under certain circumstances, the guarantors may be released from their guarantees without the consent of the holders of the applicable series of Notes
The indebtedness issued through the 2024 Dollar Senior Notes is senior unsecured indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer, is senior in right of payment to all future subordinated indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer and guarantors and is equal in right of payment to all existing and future senior indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer and guarantors. The 2024 Dollar Senior Notes are effectively subordinated to any secured indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer and guarantors (including indebtedness outstanding under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities) to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness.
(ii) 2024 Euro Senior Notes
The 2024 Euro Senior Notes were issued at par and are due August 15, 2024. The 2024 Euro Senior Notes bear interest at 4.250% and are payable semi-annually on February 15 and August 15. We have the option to redeem all or part of the 2024 Euro Senior Notes at the following redemption prices (expressed as percentages of principal amount) on or after August 15 of the years indicated:
Period
2024 Euro Notes Percentage
2019
103.188
%
2020
102.125
%
2021
101.063
%
2022 and thereafter
100.000
%
Notwithstanding the foregoing, at any time and from time to time prior to August 15, 2019, we may at our option redeem in the aggregate up to 40% of the original aggregate principal amount of the 2024 Euro Senior Notes with the net cash proceeds of one or more Equity Offerings (as defined in the indenture governing the 2024 Euro Senior Notes) at a redemption price of 104.250% plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date. At least 50% of the original aggregate principal of the notes must remain outstanding after each such redemption.

19

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


Upon the occurrence of certain events constituting a change of control, holders of the New Euro Senior Notes have the right to require us to repurchase all or any part of the 2024 Euro Senior Notes at a purchase price equal to 101.0% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the repurchase date.
The 2024 Euro Senior Notes, subject to local law limitations, will initially be jointly and severally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by each of the Parent Guarantor’s existing and future direct and indirect subsidiaries that is a borrower under or that guarantees the Senior Secured Credit Facilities. Under certain circumstances, the guarantors may be released from their guarantees without the consent of the holders of the applicable series of Notes.
The indebtedness issued through the 2024 Euro Senior Notes is senior unsecured indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer, is senior in right of payment to all future subordinated indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer and guarantors and is equal in right of payment to all existing and future senior indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer and guarantors. The 2024 Euro Senior Notes are effectively subordinated to any secured indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer and guarantors (including indebtedness outstanding under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities) to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness.
(iii) 2025 Euro Senior Notes
The 2025 Euro Senior Notes were issued at par and are due January 15, 2025. The 2025 Euro Senior Notes bear interest at 3.750% and are payable semi-annually on January 15 and July 15. We have the option to redeem all or part of the 2025 Euro Senior Notes at the following redemption prices (expressed as percentages of principal amount) on or after January 15 of the years indicated:
Period
2025 Euro Notes Percentage
2019
102.813
%
2020
101.875
%
2021
100.938
%
2022 and thereafter
100.000
%
Notwithstanding the foregoing, at any time and from time to time prior to January 15, 2020, we may at our option redeem in the aggregate up to 40% of the original aggregate principal amount of the 2025 Euro Senior Notes with the net cash proceeds of one or more Equity Offerings (as defined in the indenture governing the 2025 Euro Senior Notes) at a redemption price of 103.750% plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date. At least 50% of the original aggregate principal of the notes must remain outstanding after each such redemption.
Upon the occurrence of certain events constituting a change of control, holders of the 2025 Euro Senior Notes have the right to require us to repurchase all or any part of the 2025 Euro Senior Notes at a purchase price equal to 101% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the repurchase date.
The 2025 Euro Senior Notes, subject to local law limitations, will initially be jointly and severally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by each of the Dutch Issuer’s existing and future direct and indirect subsidiaries that is a borrower under or that guarantees the Senior Secured Credit Facilities. Under certain circumstances, the guarantors may be released from their guarantees without the consent of the holders of the applicable series of Notes.
The indebtedness issued through the 2025 Euro Senior Notes is senior unsecured indebtedness of the Dutch Issuer, is senior in right of payment to all future subordinated indebtedness of the Dutch Issuer and guarantors and is equal in right of payment to all existing and future senior indebtedness of the Dutch Issuer and guarantors. The 2025 Euro Senior Notes are effectively subordinated to any secured indebtedness of the Dutch Issuer and guarantors (including indebtedness outstanding under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities) to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness.

20

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


Future repayments
Below is a schedule of required future repayments of all borrowings outstanding at September 30, 2016.
Remainder of 2016
$
14.5

2017
29.7

2018
28.4

2019
27.9

2020
2,046.0

Thereafter
1,380.8

 
$
3,527.3

(15)    FAIR VALUE ACCOUNTING
Fair value of financial instruments
Available for sale securities - The fair value of available for sale securities was $4.6 million and $4.2 million at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. The fair value was based upon either Level 1 inputs when the securities are actively traded with quoted market prices or Level 2 when the securities are not frequently traded.
Long-term borrowings - The 2021 Dollar Senior Notes and 2021 Euro Senior Notes were redeemed during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and therefore are no longer outstanding. See Note 14 for more information. The fair values of the 2024 Dollar Senior Notes, 2024 Euro Senior Notes, and 2025 Euro Senior Notes at September 30, 2016 were $508.8 million, $385.2 million and $497.2 million, respectively. The fair values of the 2021 Dollar Senior Notes and 2021 Euro Senior Notes at December 31, 2015 were $787.5 million and $285.4 million, respectively. The estimated fair values of these notes are based on recent trades and current trending. Due to the infrequency of trades of these notes, these inputs are considered to be Level 2 inputs.
The fair values of the New Dollar Term Loan and the New Euro Term Loan at September 30, 2016 were $1,939.7 million and $212.3 million, respectively. The fair values at December 31, 2015 were $2,024.6 million and $427.5 million, respectively. The estimated fair values of the New Dollar Term Loan and the New Euro Term Loan are based on recent trades, as reported by a third party pricing service. Due to the infrequency of trades of the New Dollar Term Loan and the New Euro Term Loan, these inputs are considered to be Level 2 inputs.

21

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(16)    DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
We selectively use derivative instruments to reduce market risk associated with changes in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates. The use of derivatives is intended for hedging purposes only and we do not enter into derivative instruments for speculative purposes. A description of each type of derivative used to manage risk is included in the following paragraphs.
During the year ended December 31, 2013, we entered into five interest rate swaps with notional amounts totaling $1,173.0 million to hedge interest rate exposures related to variable rate borrowings under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities. The interest rate swaps are in place until September 29, 2017. The interest rate swaps qualify and are designated as cash flow hedges.
The following table presents the location and fair values using Level 2 inputs of derivative instruments that qualify and have been designated as cash flow hedges included in our condensed consolidated balance sheet:
 
September 30, 2016
December 31, 2015
Prepaid and other assets:
 
 
Interest rate swaps
$

$
0.4

Total assets
$

$
0.4

Other accrued liabilities:
 
 
Interest rate swaps
$
2.8

$

Other liabilities:
 
 
Interest rate swaps
$

$
1.8

Total liabilities
$
2.8

$
1.8

We periodically enter into foreign currency forward contracts to reduce market risk and hedge our balance sheet exposures and cash flows for subsidiaries with exposures denominated in currencies different from the functional currency of the relevant subsidiary. These contracts have not been designated as hedges and all gains and losses are marked to market through other expense, net in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.
The following table presents the location and fair values using Level 2 inputs of derivative instruments that have not been designated as hedges included in our condensed consolidated balance sheet:
 
September 30, 2016
December 31, 2015
Prepaid and other assets:
 
 
Foreign currency contracts
$
0.3

$
0.3

Total assets
$
0.3

$
0.3

Other accrued liabilities:
 
 
Foreign currency contracts
$
0.3

$

Total liabilities:
$
0.3

$

For derivative instruments that qualify and are designated as cash flow hedges, the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative is reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss and reclassified into earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Gains and losses on the derivative representing either hedge ineffectiveness or hedge components excluded from the assessment of effectiveness are recognized in current earnings.

22

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


The following tables set forth the locations and amounts recognized during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 for these cash flow hedges.
 
Amount of (Gain) Loss
Recognized in OCI on
Derivatives (Effective
Portion)
Location of (Gain) Loss Reclassified from 
Accumulated OCI into Income (Effective Portion)
Amount of (Gain) Loss
Reclassified from
Accumulated OCI to Income (Effective
Portion)
Location of (Gain) Loss Recognized 
in Income on 
Derivatives (Ineffective Portion)
Amount of (Gain) Loss
Recognized in Income on
Derivatives (Ineffective
Portion)
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging
Relationships
Three Months Ended September 30, 2016
Three Months Ended September 30, 2015
Three Months Ended September 30, 2016
Three Months Ended September 30, 2015
Three Months Ended September 30, 2016
Three Months Ended September 30, 2015
Interest rate contracts
$
(1.7
)
$
3.5

Interest expense, net
$
1.7

$
1.7

Interest expense, net
$
(2.0
)
$
1.0

 
Amount of (Gain) Loss
Recognized in OCI on
Derivatives (Effective
Portion)
Location of (Gain) Loss Reclassified from 
Accumulated OCI into Income (Effective Portion)
Amount of (Gain) Loss
Reclassified from
Accumulated OCI to Income (Effective
Portion)
Location of (Gain) Loss Recognized 
in Income on 
Derivatives (Ineffective Portion)
Amount of (Gain) Loss
Recognized in Income on
Derivatives (Ineffective
Portion)
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging
Relationships
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015
Interest rate contracts
$

$
8.0

Interest expense, net
$
4.9

$
4.9

Interest expense, net
$
1.3

$
2.4

Also during the year ended December 31, 2013, we purchased a €300.0 million 1.5% interest rate cap on our Euro Term Loan that is in place until September 29, 2017. We paid a premium of $3.1 million for the interest rate cap. The interest rate cap was not designated as a hedge and the changes in the fair value of the derivative instrument are recorded in current period earnings and are included in interest expense.
Fair value gains and losses of derivative contracts, as determined using Level 2 inputs, that do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment are recorded in income as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging
Instruments under ASC 815
Location of (Gain) Loss Recognized in
Income on Derivatives
2016
2015
2016
2015
Foreign currency forward contracts
Other expense, net
$
0.4

$
(4.4
)
$
4.4

$
(6.3
)
Interest rate cap
Interest expense, net

0.1



 
 
$
0.4

$
(4.3
)
$
4.4

$
(6.3
)

23

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(17)    SEGMENTS
The Company identifies an operating segment as a component: (i) that engages in business activities from which it may earn revenues and incur expenses; (ii) whose operating results are regularly reviewed by the Chief Operating Decision Maker ("CODM") to make decisions about resources to be allocated to the segment and assess its performance; and (iii) that has available discrete financial information.
We have two operating segments, which are also our reportable segments: Performance Coatings and Transportation Coatings. The CODM reviews financial information at the operating segment level to allocate resources and to assess the operating results and financial performance for each operating segment. Our CODM is identified as the Chief Executive Officer because he has final authority over performance assessment and resource allocation decisions. Our segments are based on the type and concentration of customers served, service requirements, methods of distribution and major product lines.
Through our Performance Coatings segment, we provide high-quality liquid and powder coatings solutions to a fragmented and local customer base. We are one of only a few suppliers with the technology to provide precise color matching and highly durable coatings systems. The end-markets within this segment are refinish and industrial.
Through our Transportation Coatings segment, we provide advanced coating technologies to OEMs of light and commercial vehicles. These increasingly global customers require a high level of technical support coupled with cost-effective, environmentally responsible coatings systems that can be applied with a high degree of precision, consistency and speed. The end-markets within this segment are light vehicle and commercial vehicle.
Our business serves four end-markets globally as follows: 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
2015
2016
2015
Performance Coatings
 
 
 
 
Refinish
$
434.5

$
426.9

$
1,262.0

$
1,280.2

Industrial
184.8

173.7

532.4

516.4

Total Net sales Performance Coatings
619.3

600.6

1,794.4

1,796.6

Transportation Coatings
 
 
 
 
Light Vehicle
321.1

303.7

994.9

984.1

Commercial Vehicle
83.0

96.0

254.8

302.9

Total Net sales Transportation Coatings
404.1

399.7

1,249.7

1,287.0

Total Net sales
$
1,023.4

$
1,000.3

$
3,044.1

$
3,083.6


24

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


Asset information is not reviewed or included with our internal management reporting. Therefore, the Company has not disclosed asset information for each reportable segment.
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
2015
 
Performance
Coatings
Transportation
Coatings
Total
Performance
Coatings
Transportation
Coatings
Total
Net sales (1)
$
619.3

$
404.1

$
1,023.4

$
600.6

$
399.7

$
1,000.3

Equity in earnings (losses) in unconsolidated affiliates
(0.4
)
0.1

(0.3
)
0.1


0.1

Adjusted EBITDA (2)
148.5

84.7

233.2

139.0

77.9

216.9

Investment in unconsolidated affiliates
3.3

11.5

14.8

5.5

6.8

12.3

 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
2015
 
Performance
Coatings
Transportation
Coatings
Total
Performance
Coatings
Transportation
Coatings
Total
Net sales (1)
$
1,794.4

$
1,249.7

$
3,044.1

$
1,796.6

$
1,287.0

$
3,083.6

Equity in earnings (losses) in unconsolidated affiliates
(0.2
)
0.2


0.4

0.5

0.9

Adjusted EBITDA (2)
415.9

264.7

680.6

408.2

246.2

654.4

Investment in unconsolidated affiliates
3.3

11.5

14.8

5.5

6.8

12.3

(1)
The Company has no intercompany sales between segments.
(2)
The primary measure of segment operating performance is Adjusted EBITDA, which is defined as net income before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization and select other items impacting operating results. These other items impacting operating results are items that management has concluded are (1) non-cash items included within net income, (2) items the Company does not believe are indicative of ongoing operating performance or (3) non-recurring, unusual or infrequent items that the Company believes are not reasonably likely to recur within the next two years. Adjusted EBITDA is a key metric that is used by management to evaluate business performance in comparison to budgets, forecasts, and prior year financial results, providing a measure that management believes reflects the Company’s core operating performance, which represents EBITDA adjusted for the select items referred to above. Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to income before income taxes follows:

25

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
2015
2016
2015
Income (loss) before income taxes
$
(10.1
)
$
54.2

$
105.5

$
107.3

Interest expense, net
42.9

50.8

140.8

150.0

Depreciation and amortization
81.2

75.4

235.8

225.5

EBITDA
114.0

180.4

482.1

482.8

Debt extinguishment and refinancing related costs (a)
81.9


84.2


Foreign exchange remeasurement losses (b)
4.5

23.7

30.0

90.2

Long-term employee benefit plan adjustments (c)
0.8

(0.5
)
2.1

(0.1
)
Termination benefits and other employee related costs (d)
16.3

0.8

25.2

19.3

Consulting and advisory fees (e)
2.7

7.2

8.3

17.1

Offering and transactional costs (f)
3.0

1.4

4.4

(2.3
)
Stock-based compensation (g)
10.0

7.9

31.6

22.1

Other adjustments (h)
1.5

(3.7
)
5.2

(0.9
)
Dividends in respect of noncontrolling interest (i)
(1.5
)
(0.3
)
(3.0
)
(4.4
)
Asset impairment (j)


10.5

30.6

Adjusted EBITDA
$
233.2

$
216.9

$
680.6

$
654.4

(a)
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, we prepaid outstanding principal on our term loans, resulting in non-cash pre-tax losses on extinguishment of $4.3 million and $6.6 million, respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, we amended the terms of the Credit Agreement, resulting in a non-cash pre-tax loss on extinguishment of $2.3 million. In connection with the refinancings during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, we recorded a non-cash pre-tax loss on extinguishment of $18.6 million and incurred call premiums and other fees of $56.7 million. We do not consider these items to be indicative of our ongoing operating performance.
(b)
Eliminates foreign exchange losses resulting from the remeasurement of assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, net of the impacts of our foreign currency instruments used to hedge our balance sheet exposures. Exchange effects attributable to the remeasurement of our Venezuelan subsidiary represented losses of $1.2 million and $23.9 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, respectively, and gains of $0.6 million and losses of $52.6 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively.
(c)
Eliminates the non-cash non-service cost components of long-term employee benefit costs (discussed further at Note 6).
(d)
Represents expenses primarily related to employee termination benefits including our initiative to improve the overall cost structure within the European region as well as costs associated with our Axalta Way initiatives, which are not considered indicative of our ongoing operating performance.
(e)
Represents fees paid to consultants for professional services primarily related to our Axalta Way initiatives, which are not considered indicative of our ongoing operating performance.
(f)
Represents costs associated with the offerings of our common shares by Carlyle, acquisition-related costs, including a $5.4 million gain recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 resulting from the remeasurement of our previously held interest in an equity method investee upon the acquisition of a controlling interest, and costs associated with changes in the fair value of contingent consideration associated with our acquisitions, all of which are not considered indicative of our ongoing operating performance.
(g)
Represents non-cash costs associated with stock-based compensation, including $8.2 million of expense during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 attributable to the accelerated vesting of all issued and outstanding stock options issued under the 2013 Plan as a result of the Change in Control.
(h)
Represents costs for certain non-operational or non-cash (gains) and losses unrelated to our core business and which we do not consider indicative of ongoing operations, including equity investee dividends, indemnity losses (gains) associated with the Acquisition, losses (gains) on sale and disposal of property, plant and equipment, losses (gains) on the remaining foreign currency derivative instruments and non-cash fair value inventory adjustments associated with our business combinations.
(i)
Represents the payment of dividends to our joint venture partners by our consolidated entities that are not wholly owned, which are reflected to show the cash operating performance of these entities on Axalta's financial statements.

26

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(j)
As a result of currency devaluations in Venezuela, we recorded non-cash impairment charges relating to a real estate investment of $10.5 million and $30.6 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively (discussed further at Note 20). We do not consider these impairments to be indicative of our ongoing operating performance.
(18)    SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
The following tables present the change in total shareholders’ equity for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
 
Total Axalta
Noncontrolling
Interests
Total
Balance January 1, 2016
$
1,073.7

$
67.5

$
1,141.2

Net income
67.5

3.7

71.2

Other comprehensive income, net of tax
16.4

0.8

17.2

Exercise of stock options and associated tax benefits
21.3


21.3

Recognition of stock-based compensation
31.6


31.6

Noncontrolling interests of acquired subsidiaries

51.3

51.3

Dividends declared to noncontrolling interests

(3.0
)
(3.0
)
Balance September 30, 2016
$
1,210.5

$
120.3

$
1,330.8

 
Total Axalta
Noncontrolling
Interests
Total
Balance January 1, 2015
$
1,044.7

$
67.3

$
1,112.0

Net income
55.1

3.7

58.8

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
(152.6
)
(2.3
)
(154.9
)
Exercise of stock options and associated tax benefits
66.4


66.4

Recognition of stock-based compensation
22.1


22.1

Noncontrolling interests of acquired subsidiaries

4.3

4.3

Dividends declared to noncontrolling interests

(4.4
)
(4.4
)
Balance September 30, 2015
$
1,035.7

$
68.6

$
1,104.3


27

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(19)    ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
 
Unrealized
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
Pension
Adjustments
Unrealized
Gain on Securities
Unrealized
Gain (Loss) on
Derivatives
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
December 31, 2015
$
(232.8
)
$
(33.4
)
$
0.1

$
(3.2
)
$
(269.3
)
Current year deferrals to AOCI
15.9


0.3

(3.1
)
13.1

Reclassifications from AOCI to Net income

0.2


3.1

3.3

Net Change
15.9

0.2

0.3


16.4

September 30, 2016
$
(216.9
)
$
(33.2
)
$
0.4

$
(3.2
)
$
(252.9
)
The income tax provision related to the changes in pension and other long-term employee benefits for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was $0.0 million. The cumulative income tax benefit related to the adjustment for pension at September 30, 2016 was $13.4 million. The income tax provision related to the change in the unrealized loss on derivatives for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was $0.0 million. The cumulative income tax benefit related to the adjustment for unrealized loss on derivatives at September 30, 2016 was $1.9 million.
 
Unrealized
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
Pension and
Other
Long-term
Employee
Benefit
Adjustments
Unrealized
Loss on
Securities
Unrealized
Gain (Loss) on
Derivatives
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
December 31, 2014
$
(72.1
)
$
(31.2
)
$
(0.2
)
$
0.2

$
(103.3
)
Current year deferrals to AOCI
(144.4
)
(1.6
)

(2.1
)
(148.1
)
Reclassifications from AOCI to Net income

(1.3
)

(3.2
)
(4.5
)
Net Change
(144.4
)
(2.9
)

(5.3
)
(152.6
)
September 30, 2015
$
(216.5
)
$
(34.1
)
$
(0.2
)
$
(5.1
)
$
(255.9
)
The income tax benefit related to the changes in pension and other long-term employee benefits for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 was expense of $1.8 million. The cumulative income tax benefit related to the adjustment for pension and other long-term employee benefits at September 30, 2015 was $15.2 million. The income tax benefit related to the change in the unrealized loss on derivatives for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 was $2.8 million. The cumulative income tax benefit related to the adjustments for unrealized loss on derivatives at September 30, 2015 was $2.6 million.
(20)    VENEZUELA
Venezuela Currency Devaluation
As a result of challenging economic conditions, Venezuela’s foreign currency exchange mechanisms have continued to develop which have impacted our Venezuela operations.
From December 31, 2014 through June 30, 2015, we used the Complementary System of Foreign Currency Administration (SICAD) rate of 12.0 Venezuelan bolivars to 1.0 U.S. dollar. At June 30, 2015, we changed the exchange rate we used to remeasure our Venezuelan bolivars from the SICAD rate to the Marginal Foreign Exchange System (SIMADI) rate of 197.7 Venezuelan bolivars to 1.0 U.S. dollar. We believed it was appropriate to move from using the SICAD rate to using the SIMADI rate based on the culmination of relevant facts and circumstances, including our expectation that future dividend remittances would be made at the SIMADI rate.

28

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


In March 2016, the Venezuelan government enacted additional changes to its foreign currency exchange regime. The changes resulted in a reduction of its three-tiered exchange rate system to two tiers by eliminating the SICAD rate. The changes also devalued the official DIPRO rate (formerly CENCOEX), to 10.0 Venezuelan bolivars to 1.0 U.S. dollar from 6.3 Venezuelan bolivars to 1.0 U.S. dollar, while also creating a replacement floating supplementary market exchange rate, DICOM, which fully replaced SIMADI. DICOM is intended to provide limited access to a free market rate of exchange. At September 30, 2016, DIPRO remained at 10.0 Venezuelan bolivars to 1.0 U.S. dollar and the exchange rate for DICOM was 657.6 Venezuelan bolivars to 1.0 U.S. dollar.
We believe that significant uncertainty still exists regarding the exchange mechanisms in Venezuela, including how any such mechanisms will operate in the future and the availability of U.S. dollars under each mechanism.
At September 30, 2016, we continue to believe that the DICOM rate is the appropriate rate to use in the remeasurement of the monetary assets and liabilities of our Venezuelan subsidiary, which is a U.S. dollar functional entity.
Primarily as a result of the devalued Venezuelan bolivar, we recorded currency exchange losses of $1.2 million and $23.9 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, respectively and exchange gains of $0.6 million and exchange losses of $52.6 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively. Included in the losses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 was a loss of $53.2 million resulting from the devaluation caused by the change in exchange mechanism used at June 30, 2015.
Venezuela Financial Results
As a result of economic uncertainty and the resulting impact on our operations, we re-evaluated the carrying value of long-lived assets for our Venezuelan subsidiary at December 31, 2015. Based on an analysis of estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to result from the use of our productive long-lived assets with finite lives, we determined that their carrying values were recoverable. The recoverability analysis was heavily dependent on continued demand and price assumptions of our local operations. Our price assumptions and the associated increases are expected to continue and are intended to allow us to keep pace with the changes in exchange rates and inflation. We believe these price increases are probable given our market share, customer base and historical success of implementing price increases in similar situations in the past. With the exception of intercompany inventory purchases, our operations in Venezuela were and are expected to be entirely self-funded. Due to the ability of our Venezuelan operations to procure raw materials through Axalta subsidiaries, we do not foresee any impact on our Venezuelan subsidiary's ability to operate. We have no current need or intention to repatriate Venezuelan earnings and remain committed to the business for the foreseeable future based on our current expectations.
If assumptions regarding our continued demand and ability to successfully implement and sustain price increases differ from actual results, or our ability to control the operations of our Venezuelan subsidiary change as a result of economic uncertainty or political instability, there is a risk that our productive long-lived assets may be impaired. Additionally, if DICOM continues to weaken, this could result in a material unfavorable impact on our results of operations and financial condition. Although through September 30, 2016, our operations continued to be challenged by further deteriorating macro-economic conditions within the country, we believe that the demand and price assumptions used at December 31, 2015 continue to be reasonable for assessing our operations recoverability.
At June 30, 2015, we separately evaluated the carrying value of our non-operating real estate investment as it is not part of our core operational activities. Based on this evaluation, we concluded that the carrying value of the real estate investment of $52.6 million was impaired as a result of the current real estate market prices and movement of our translation rate from 12.0 Venezuelan bolivars to 1.0 U.S. dollar to 197.7 Venezuelan bolivars to 1.0 U.S. dollar.
At June 30, 2016, we performed a separate evaluation of the carrying value of our non-operating real estate investment. Based on this evaluation, we concluded that the carrying value of the real estate investment of $21.5 million was impaired as a result of the current real estate market prices and movement of our translation rate from 270.5 Venezuelan bolivars to 1.0 U.S. dollar at March 31, 2016 to 626.0 Venezuelan bolivars to 1.0 U.S. dollar at June 30, 2016.
As a result of these evaluations on our real estate investment property we recorded impairments to write down the carrying value of the asset to its fair value at June 30, 2016 and 2015. Impairments of $10.5 million and $30.6 million were recorded within other expense, net for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The method used to determine fair values of the real estate investment included using Level 2 inputs in the form of observable market quotes from local real estate broker service firms.

29

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


At September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, our Venezuelan subsidiary had total assets of $142.8 million and $152.9 million, respectively, and total liabilities of $51.8 million and $42.2 million, respectively, which represent less than 3% of our consolidated assets and liabilities at the end of each respective period. Total liabilities include $32.1 million and $25.9 million of intercompany liabilities designated in U.S. dollars at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. At September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, total non-monetary assets, net, were $93.5 million and $112.4 million, respectively.
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, our Venezuelan subsidiary's net sales represented $19.4 million and $48.6 million of our consolidated net sales, respectively, which represented less than 2% for the respective periods. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, our Venezuelan subsidiary represented $15.7 million and $110.8 million of our consolidated net sales, respectively, which represented less than 5% for the respective periods. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, our Venezuelan subsidiary represented $11.1 million and $24.3 million of our consolidated income from operations, respectively, which represented less than 10% for the respective periods. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, our Venezuelan subsidiary represented $0.9 million and $53.5 million of our consolidated income from operations, respectively, which represented less than 15% for the respective periods.
(21)    SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
In October 2016, we voluntarily prepaid $150.0 million of the outstanding New Dollar Term Loans. As a result of the prepayment, we will record a pre-tax loss on extinguishment of approximately $3.0 million.

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations includes statements regarding industry outlook, our expectations regarding the performance of our business and other forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, the risks and uncertainties described in "Non-GAAP Financial Measures," and "Forward-Looking Statements" as well as "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015. These statements include those that are related to estimates reflected in our financial results as well as management’s plan and outlook. Our actual results may differ materially from those contained in or implied by any forward-looking statements. The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the condensed notes thereto included elsewhere in this quarterly report, as well as the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Many statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not statements of historical fact, including statements about our beliefs and expectations, are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended and should be evaluated as such. Forward-looking statements include information concerning possible or assumed future results of operations, including descriptions of our business plan, strategies and capital structure. These statements often include words such as "anticipate," "expect," "suggests," "plan," "believe," "intend," "estimates," "targets," "projects," "should," "could," "would," "may," "will," "forecast," and other similar expressions. We base these forward-looking statements or projections on our current expectations, plans and assumptions that we have made in light of our experience in the industry, as well as our perceptions of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors we believe are appropriate under the circumstances and at such time. As you read and consider this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, you should understand that these statements are not guarantees of performance or results. The forward-looking statements and projections are subject to and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements or projections. Although we believe that these forward-looking statements and projections are based on reasonable assumptions at the time they are made, you should be aware that many factors could affect our actual financial results or results of operations and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements and projections. Factors that may materially affect such forward-looking statements and projections include:
adverse developments in economic conditions and, particularly, in conditions in the automotive and transportation industries;
volatility in the capital, credit and commodities markets;
our inability to successfully execute on our growth strategy;
risks associated with our non-U.S. operations;
currency-related risks;
increased competition;
risks of the loss of any of our significant customers or the consolidation of MSOs, distributors and/or body shops;
our reliance on our distributor network and third-party delivery services for the distribution and export of certain of our products
price increases or interruptions in our supply of raw materials;
failure to develop and market new products and manage product life cycles;
litigation and other commitments and contingencies;
significant environmental liabilities and costs as a result of our current and past operations or products, including operations or products related to our business prior to the Acquisition;
unexpected liabilities under any pension plans applicable to our employees;
risk that the insurance we maintain may not fully cover all potential exposures;
failure to comply with the anti-corruption laws of the United States and various international jurisdictions;
failure to comply with anti-terrorism laws and regulations and applicable trade embargoes;
business disruptions, security threats and security breaches;

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our ability to protect and enforce intellectual property rights;
intellectual property infringement suits against us by third parties;
our substantial indebtedness;
our ability to obtain additional capital on commercially reasonable terms may be limited;
our ability to realize the anticipated benefits of any acquisitions and divestitures;
our joint ventures’ ability to operate according to our business strategy should our joint venture partners fail to fulfill their obligations;
the risk of impairment charges related to goodwill, identifiable intangible assets and fixed assets;
our ability to recruit and retain the experienced and skilled personnel we need to compete;
work stoppages, union negotiations, labor disputes and other matters associated with our labor force;
terrorist acts, conflicts, wars and natural disasters that may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations;
transporting certain materials that are inherently hazardous due to their toxic nature;
weather conditions that may temporarily reduce the demand for some of our products;
reduced demand for some of our products as a result of improved safety features on vehicles and insurance company influence;
the amount of the costs, fees, expenses and charges related to being a public company;
any statements of belief and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing;
other factors disclosed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission; and
other factors beyond our control.
These cautionary statements should not be construed by you to be exhaustive and are made only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise
OVERVIEW
We are a leading global manufacturer, marketer and distributor of high performance coatings systems. We have a 150-year heritage in the coatings industry and are known for manufacturing high-quality products with well-recognized brands supported by market-leading technology and customer service. Our diverse global footprint of 42 manufacturing facilities, 4 technology centers, 46 customer training centers and approximately 13,000 employees allows us to meet the needs of customers in approximately 130 countries. We serve our customer base through an extensive sales force and technical support organization, as well as through approximately 4,000 independent, locally-based distributors.
We operate our business in two operating segments, Performance Coatings and Transportation Coatings. Our segments are based on the type and concentration of customers served, service requirements, methods of distribution and major product lines.
Through our Performance Coatings segment we provide high-quality liquid and powder coatings solutions to a fragmented and local customer base. We are one of only a few suppliers with the technology to provide precise color matching and highly durable coatings systems. The end-markets within this segment are refinish and industrial.
Through our Transportation Coatings segment we provide advanced coating technologies to OEMs of light and commercial vehicles. These increasingly global customers require a high level of technical support coupled with cost-effective, environmentally responsible, coatings systems that can be applied with a high degree of precision, consistency and speed. The end-markets within this segment are light vehicle and commercial vehicle.

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BUSINESS HIGHLIGHTS AND TRENDS
Our net sales decreased 1.3% for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2015, primarily due to unfavorable currency translation which reduced net sales by 5.2%. This decrease was largely offset as a result of higher average selling prices as well as stronger volumes which together contributed to 3.9% of growth. The following trends have impacted our segment and end-market sales performance:
Performance Coatings: Net sales decreased slightly as a result of unfavorable foreign currency translation impacts, driven by the weakening of currencies across all regions. Higher average selling prices in Latin America and North America combined with increases in sales volumes in EMEA and Asia largely offset these currency effects. The increase in sales volumes included the benefits of our business acquisitions in North America.
Transportation Coatings: Net sales decreased as a result of unfavorable foreign currency translation impacts, primarily driven by the weakening of currencies across all regions. Strong volumes in both North America and Asia were outpaced by volume declines in Latin America. These decreases were partially offset by higher average selling prices in both our light vehicle and commercial vehicle end-markets, particularly in Latin America and EMEA. The increase in sales volumes included the benefits of our business acquisitions in North America.
Our business serves four end-markets globally as follows:
 (In millions)
Three Months Ended September 30,
2016 vs 2015
Nine Months Ended September 30,
2016 vs 2015
 
2016
2015
% change
2016
2015
% change
Performance Coatings
 
 
 
 
 
 
Refinish
$
434.5

$
426.9

1.8
 %
$
1,262.0

$
1,280.2

(1.4
)%
Industrial
184.8

173.7

6.4
 %
532.4

516.4

3.1
 %
Total Net sales Performance Coatings
619.3

600.6

3.1
 %
1,794.4

1,796.6

(0.1
)%
Transportation Coatings
 
 
 
 
 
 
Light Vehicle
321.1

303.7

5.7
 %
994.9

984.1

1.1
 %
Commercial Vehicle
83.0

96.0

(13.5
)%
254.8

302.9

(15.9
)%
Total Net sales Transportation Coatings
404.1

399.7

1.1
 %
1,249.7

1,287.0

(2.9
)%
Total Net sales
$
1,023.4

$
1,000.3

2.3
 %
$
3,044.1

$
3,083.6

(1.3
)%

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FACTORS AFFECTING OUR OPERATING RESULTS
There have been no changes in the factors affecting our operating results previously reported in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
To supplement our financial information presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP, we use the following non-GAAP financial measures to clarify and enhance an understanding of past performance: EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA. We believe that the presentation of these financial measures enhances an investor’s understanding of our financial performance. We further believe that these financial measures are useful financial metrics to assess our operating performance from period-to-period by excluding certain items that we believe are not representative of our core business. We define our core business as those operations relating to the Company's ongoing performance and the concept is used to make resource allocation and performance evaluation decisions. We use certain of these financial measures for business planning purposes and in measuring our performance relative to that of our competitors. We utilize Adjusted EBITDA as the primary measure of segment performance.
EBITDA consists of net income before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA consists of EBITDA adjusted for (i) non-cash items included within net income, (ii) items the Company does not believe are indicative of ongoing operating performance or (iii) non-recurring, unusual or infrequent items that the Company believes are not reasonably likely to recur within the next two years. We believe that making such adjustments provides investors meaningful information to understand our operating results and ability to analyze financial and business trends on a period-to-period basis.
We believe these financial measures are commonly used by investors to evaluate our performance and that of our competitors. However, our use of the terms EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may vary from that of others in our industry. These financial measures should not be considered as alternatives to income before income taxes, net income, earnings per share or any other performance measures derived in accordance with U.S. GAAP as measures of operating performance.
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA have important limitations as analytical tools and you should not consider them in isolation or as substitutes for analysis of our results as reported under U.S. GAAP. Some of these limitations are:
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA:
do not reflect the significant interest expense on our debt, including the Senior Secured Credit Facilities and the New Senior Notes; and
eliminate the impact of income taxes on our results of operations;
although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future, and EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect any expenditures for such replacements; and
other companies in our industry may calculate EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures.
We compensate for these limitations by using EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA along with other comparative tools, together with U.S. GAAP measurements, to assist in the evaluation of operating performance. Such U.S. GAAP measurements include income before income taxes, net income, earnings per share and other performance measures.
In evaluating these financial measures, you should be aware that in the future we may incur expenses similar to those eliminated in this presentation. Our presentation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA should not be construed as an inference that our future results will be unaffected by the excluded items noted above.

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The following table reconciles the net income (loss) to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA calculations discussed above for the periods presented:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions)
2016
2015
2016
2015
Net income (loss)
$
(9.5
)
$
36.4

$
71.2

$
58.8

Interest expense, net
42.9

50.8

140.8

150.0

Provision (benefit) for income taxes
(0.6
)
17.8

34.3

48.5

Depreciation and amortization
81.2

75.4

235.8

225.5

EBITDA
114.0

180.4

482.1

482.8

Debt extinguishment and refinancing related costs (a)
81.9


84.2


Foreign exchange remeasurement losses (b)
4.5

23.7

30.0

90.2

Long-term employee benefit plan adjustments (c)
0.8

(0.5
)
2.1

(0.1
)
Termination benefits and other employee related costs (d)
16.3

0.8

25.2

19.3

Consulting and advisory fees (e)
2.7

7.2

8.3

17.1

Offering and transactional costs (f)
3.0

1.4

4.4

(2.3
)
Stock-based compensation (g)
10.0

7.9

31.6

22.1

Other adjustments (h)
1.5

(3.7
)
5.2

(0.9
)
Dividends in respect of noncontrolling interest (i)
(1.5
)
(0.3
)
(3.0
)
(4.4
)
Asset impairment (j)


10.5

30.6

Adjusted EBITDA
$
233.2

$
216.9

$
680.6

$
654.4

(a)
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, we prepaid outstanding principal on our term loans, resulting in non-cash pre-tax losses on extinguishment of $4.3 million and $6.6 million, respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, we amended the terms of the Credit Agreement, resulting in a non-cash pre-tax loss on extinguishment of $2.3 million. In connection with the refinancings during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, we recorded a non-cash pre-tax loss on extinguishment of $18.6 million and incurred call premiums and other fees of $56.7 million. We do not consider these items to be indicative of our ongoing operating performance.
(b)
Eliminates foreign exchange losses resulting from the remeasurement of assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, net of the impacts of our foreign currency instruments used to hedge our balance sheet exposures. Exchange effects attributable to the remeasurement of our Venezuelan subsidiary represented losses of $1.2 million and $23.9 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, respectively, and gains of $0.6 million and losses of $52.6 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively.
(c)
Eliminates the non-cash non-service cost components of long-term employee benefit costs (discussed further at Note 6 to the condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q).
(d)
Represents expenses primarily related to employee termination benefits including our initiative to improve the overall cost structure within the European region as well as costs associated with our Axalta Way initiatives, which are not considered indicative of our ongoing operating performance.
(e)
Represents fees paid to consultants for professional services primarily related to our Axalta Way initiatives, which are not considered indicative of our ongoing operating performance.
(f)
Represents costs associated with the offerings of our common shares by Carlyle, acquisition-related costs, including a $5.4 million gain recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 resulting from the remeasurement of our previously held interest in an equity method investee upon the acquisition of a controlling interest, and costs associated with changes in the fair value of contingent consideration associated with our acquisitions, all of which are not considered indicative of our ongoing operating performance.
(g)
Represents non-cash costs associated with stock-based compensation, including $8.2 million of expense during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 attributable to the accelerated vesting of all issued and outstanding stock options issued under the 2013 Plan as a result of the Change in Control.
(h)
Represents costs for certain non-operational or non-cash (gains) and losses unrelated to our core business and which we do not consider indicative of ongoing operations, including equity investee dividends, indemnity losses (gains) associated with the Acquisition, losses (gains) on sale and disposal of property, plant and equipment, losses (gains) on the remaining foreign currency derivative instruments and non-cash fair value inventory adjustments associated with our business combinations.
(i)
Represents the payment of dividends to our joint venture partners by our consolidated entities that are not wholly owned, which are reflected to show the cash operating performance of these entities on Axalta's financial statements.

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(j)
As a result of currency devaluations in Venezuela, we recorded non-cash impairment charges relating to a real estate investment of $10.5 million and $30.6 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively (discussed further at Note 20 to the condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q). We do not consider these impairments to be indicative of our ongoing operating performance.

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the information contained in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Our historical results of operations set forth below may not necessarily reflect what will occur in the future.
Three months ended September 30, 2016 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2015
The following table was derived from the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
(In millions)
2016
2015
Net sales
$
1,023.4

$
1,000.3

Other revenue
5.7

4.8

Total revenue
1,029.1

1,005.1

Cost of goods sold
630.4

628.6

Selling, general and administrative expenses
242.3

219.2

Research and development expenses
14.9

13.0

Amortization of acquired intangibles
21.3

20.4

Income from operations
120.2

123.9

Interest expense, net
42.9

50.8

Other expense, net
87.4

18.9

Income (loss) before income taxes
(10.1
)
54.2

Provision (benefit) for income taxes
(0.6
)
17.8

Net income (loss)
(9.5
)
36.4

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
1.2

1.3

Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interests
$
(10.7
)
$
35.1

Net sales
Net sales increased $23.1 million, or 2.3%, to $1,023.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, compared to net sales of $1,000.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015. This increase for the three months ended September 30, 2016 was primarily a result of increases in sales volumes of 2.5%. The impacts of our recent acquisitions contributed 2.6% in volumes for the period. Higher average selling prices across both our segments also contributed to an increase of 1.9% compared to the three months ended September 30, 2015. These increases were partially offset by unfavorable impacts of currency exchange of 2.1% due to the impacts of the weakening of certain currencies across all regions compared to the U.S. dollar.
Other revenue
Other revenue increased $0.9 million, or 18.8%, to $5.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, as compared to $4.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015. This increase was mainly related to increases in royalty revenues in North America. The impacts of currency exchange did not have a material impact on the comparable periods.
Cost of sales
Cost of sales increased $1.8 million, or 0.3%, to $630.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 compared to $628.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015. This increase is consistent with the increase in sales volumes resulting primarily from our recent acquisitions, offset slightly due to currency exchange resulting from the impact of certain currencies weakening against the U.S. dollar within Latin America and Asia, which contributed a 1.1% decrease. Cost of sales as a percentage of net sales decreased from 62.8% for the three months ended September 30, 2015 to 61.6% for the three months ended September 30, 2016 as a result of fixed cost reductions from our cost savings initiatives as well as lower raw material prices and higher average selling prices.

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Selling, general and administrative expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $23.1 million, or 10.5%, to $242.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 compared to $219.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015, largely due to costs associated with our cost savings initiatives of $21.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, representing an incremental $12.5 million in costs over the comparable period. Further contributing to the increase during the three months ended September 30, 2016 over the comparable period were increases in selling expense associated with increased sales volumes and ongoing operational expenditures for planned growth initiatives, as well as increases resulting from our recent acquisitions.
Offsetting these increases were favorable impacts of currency exchange during the three months ended September 30, 2016 which contributed to a 1.5% reduction in selling, general and administrative expenses, due to the weakening of certain currencies within Latin America compared to the U.S. dollar.
Research and development expenses
Research and development expenses increased $1.9 million, or 14.6%, to $14.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 compared to $13.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015. This increase was a result of additional spend as we focus on developing new and existing products in the market. The impacts of currency exchange did not have a material impact on the comparable periods.
Amortization of acquired intangibles
Amortization of acquired intangibles increased $0.9 million, or 4.4%, to $21.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 compared to $20.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015. This increase was attributable to amortization of the definite-lived intangible assets acquired through our recent acquisitions, offset slightly by the impacts of the weakening of certain currencies within Latin America compared to the U.S. dollar.
Interest expense, net
Interest expense, net decreased $7.9 million, or 15.6%, to $42.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 compared to $50.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015. The decrease was driven by the prepayment of principal balances associated with our New Dollar Term Loan made in 2015 and 2016, as well as the refinancing of our 2021 Dollar Senior Notes and 2021 Euro Senior Notes during the three months ended September 30, 2016, which reduced the overall interest rates of our debt portfolio. Furthering the decrease was a gain of $2.0 million and a loss of $1.0 million on our interest rate swaps for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
Other expense, net
Other expense, net increased $68.5 million, or 362.4%, to $87.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 compared to $18.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015 primarily as a result of our debt refinancings during the three months ended September 30, 2016 which resulted in $81.9 million in costs. There were no comparable costs during the three months ended September 30, 2015.
This increase was offset by less exchange losses, net of $4.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 compared to $23.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015. The decline in losses was primarily associated with exchange losses during the three months ended September 30, 2015 driven by certain currencies within Latin America, which did not occur during the three months ended September 30, 2016.
Provision (benefit) for income taxes
We recorded an income tax benefit of $0.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016, which represents a 5.9% effective tax rate in relation to the loss before income taxes of $10.1 million. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2016 differs from the U.S. Federal statutory rate by 29.1%, which is the result of various items that impacted the effective rate both favorably and unfavorably. We recorded favorable adjustments for earnings in jurisdictions where the statutory rate is lower than the U.S. Federal statutory rate of $10.3 million and we recognized a benefit of $6.4 million associated with currency exchange losses. These adjustments were partially offset by the impact of non-deductible expenses and interest of $4.3 million and pre-tax losses attributable to jurisdictions where a tax benefit is not expected to be realized of $14.0 million. Of this $14.0 million, approximately $7.4 million relates to the impact of pre-tax losses on debt extinguishment and other financing-related costs incurred in connection with the refinancing activities and voluntary prepayments during the three months ended September 30, 2016.

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We recorded a provision for income taxes of $17.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015, which represents a 32.8% negative effective tax rate in relation to the income before income taxes of $54.2 million. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2015 differs from the U.S. Federal statutory rate by 2.2%, which is the result of various items that impacted the effective rate both favorably and unfavorably. We recorded favorable adjustments related to earnings in jurisdictions where the statutory rate is lower than the U.S. Federal statutory rate of $3.3 million. These adjustments were offset by the unfavorable impact of pre-tax losses attributable to jurisdictions where a tax benefit is not expected to be realized of $3.2 million.

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Nine months ended September 30, 2016 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2015
The following table was derived from the interim unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions)
2016
2015
Net sales
$
3,044.1

$
3,083.6

Other revenue
18.7

20.1

Total revenue
3,062.8

3,103.7

Cost of goods sold
1,885.8

1,958.1

Selling, general and administrative expenses
699.1

677.7

Research and development expenses
41.6

38.7

Amortization of acquired intangibles
61.8

60.5

Income from operations
374.5

368.7

Interest expense, net
140.8

150.0

Other expense, net
128.2

111.4

Income before income taxes
105.5

107.3

Provision for income taxes
34.3

48.5

Net income
71.2

58.8

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
3.7

3.7

Net income attributable to controlling interests
$
67.5

$
55.1

Net sales
Net sales decreased $39.5 million, or 1.3%, to $3,044.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, as compared to net sales of $3,083.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. This decrease for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was attributable to the unfavorable impacts of currency translation, which reduced net sales by 5.2% due to the impact of weakening currencies across all regions compared to the U.S. dollar. Offsetting the impact of currency, higher average selling prices across both our segments, primarily in Latin America, which contributed to an increase of 2.8% compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2015. Volumes in Europe, Asia and North America also contributed to net sales growth of 1.1%, including increases resulting from our recent acquisitions.
Other revenue
Other revenue decreased $1.4 million, or 7.0%, to $18.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, as compared to $20.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. The decrease primarily related to decreases in service revenues in our light vehicle end-market and the impacts of weakening currencies in certain countries within Latin America compared to the U.S. dollar.
Cost of sales
Cost of sales decreased $72.3 million, or 3.7% to $1,885.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 compared to $1,958.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. The decrease for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2015 resulted primarily from a 2.3% decrease associated with currency exchange due to weakening across all regions against the U.S. dollar. The decrease from currency translation was slightly offset by higher volumes of 1.1%, including the impacts of our recent acquisitions. Cost of sales as a percentage of net sales decreased from 63.5% for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 to 61.9% for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 as a result of reductions in costs resulting from our cost savings initiatives as well as lower raw material prices and higher average selling prices.
Selling, general and administrative expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $21.4 million, or 3.2%, to $699.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 compared to $677.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 primarily as a result of an increase of $7.2 million in stock-based compensation associated with the granting of stock compensation awards during 2015 and 2016. Further contributing to the increase during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 over the comparable period were increases in selling expense associated with increased sales volumes and ongoing operational expenditures for planned growth initiatives, as well as increases resulting from our recent acquisitions.

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Offsetting these increases were favorable impacts of currency exchange during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 which contributed to a 3.2% reduction in selling, general and administrative expenses due to the weakening of certain currencies within Latin America compared to the U.S. dollar, as well as costs associated with our cost savings initiatives of $38.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, representing a decrease of $1.4 million of costs over the comparable period.
Research and development expenses
Research and development expenses increased $2.9 million, or 7.5%, to $41.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 compared to $38.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. This increase was a result of additional spend as we focus on developing new and existing products in the market. The impacts of currency exchange did not have a material impact on the comparable periods.
Amortization of acquired intangibles
Amortization of acquired intangibles increased $1.3 million, or 2.1%, to $61.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 compared to $60.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. This increase was primarily attributable to amortization of the definite-lived intangible assets acquired through our recent acquisitions, offset slightly by the impacts of the weakening of certain currencies within Latin America compared to the U.S. dollar.
Interest expense, net
Interest expense, net decreased $9.2 million, or 6.1%, to $140.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 compared to $150.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. This decrease was primarily driven by the prepayment of principal balances associated with our New Dollar Term Loan made in 2015 and 2016. In addition to these principal payments, interest expense decreased as a result of our refinancing of our 2021 Dollar Senior Notes and 2021 Euro Senior Notes during the nine months ended September 30, 2016, which reduced the overall interest rates of our debt portfolio.
Other expense, net
Other expense, net increased $16.8 million, or 15.1%, to $128.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 compared to $111.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 primarily as a result of our debt refinancings during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 which resulted in $84.2 million in costs. There were no comparable costs during the nine months ended September 30, 2015.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2015, we entered into an agreement with one of our joint venture partners to acquire a controlling interest in an investment previously accounted for as an equity method investment. As a result of the acquisition of a controlling interest in the investment, we recognized a gain of $5.4 million on the remeasurement of our previously held equity interest as of the acquisition date, resulting in a net increase in other expense compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2016. Additionally, we recognized $4.4 million in losses on derivative instruments associated with our foreign currency contracts during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 as compared to $6.3 million in gains during the nine months ended September 30, 2015, resulting in an incremental $10.7 million in net expense.
Offsetting the year over year loss, exchange losses, net, decreased from $90.2 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 to $30.0 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2016. This decrease was primarily driven by losses from the revaluation of our Venezuela subsidiary from $52.6 million in losses for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 compared to $23.9 million in losses for the nine months ended September 30, 2016.
Further offsetting these increases was a decrease related to the impairment charges recorded during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 of $10.5 million and $30.6 million, respectively, resulting from our evaluation of the carrying value associated with our real estate investment in Venezuela.
Provision for income taxes
We recorded an income tax provision of $34.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, which represents a 32.5% effective tax rate in relation to the income before income taxes of $105.5 million. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 differs from the U.S. Federal statutory rate by 2.5%, which is the result of various items that impacted the effective rate both favorably and unfavorably. We recorded favorable adjustments for earnings in jurisdictions where the statutory rate is lower than the U.S. Federal statutory rate of $24.1 million and we recognized a benefit of $17.4 million associated with currency exchange losses. These adjustments were partially offset by the impact of non-deductible expenses and interest of $8.0 million and pre-tax losses attributable to jurisdictions where a tax benefit is not expected to be realized of $23.3 million. Of this $23.3 million, approximately $8.0 million relates to the impact of pre-tax losses on debt extinguishment and other financing-related costs incurred in connection with the refinancing activities and voluntary prepayments made during the nine months ended September 30, 2016. In addition, our pre-tax impairment charge in Venezuela of $10.5 million had an unfavorable $3.7 million impact on the effective rate as it was non-deductible.

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We recorded a provision for income taxes of $48.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, which represents a 45.2% effective tax rate in relation to the income before income taxes of $107.3 million. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 differs from the U.S. Federal statutory rate by 10.2%, which is the result of various items that impacted the effective rate both favorably and unfavorably. We recorded favorable adjustments for earnings in jurisdictions where the statutory rate is lower than the U.S. Federal statutory rate of $11.4 million and $10.1 million related to currency exchange losses. These adjustments were offset by the pre-tax impairment charge in Venezuela of $30.6 million which had an unfavorable $10.7 million impact on the effective rate as it was nondeductible, the unfavorable impact of pre-tax losses attributable to jurisdictions where a tax benefit is not expected to be realized of $9.3 million, and the impact of nondeductible expenses and interest of $5.8 million and $7.1 million, respectively.

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SEGMENT RESULTS
Three months ended September 30, 2016 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2015
The following table presents net sales by segment and segment Adjusted EBITDA for the periods presented:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
(In millions)
2016
2015
Net Sales
 
 
Performance Coatings
$
619.3

$
600.6

Transportation Coatings
404.1

399.7

Total
$
1,023.4

$
1,000.3

Segment Adjusted EBITDA
 
 
Performance Coatings
$
148.5

$
139.0

Transportation Coatings
84.7

77.9

Total
$
233.2

$
216.9

Performance Coatings Segment
Net sales increased $18.7 million, or 3.1%, to $619.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 compared to net sales of $600.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015. The increase in net sales for the three months ended September 30, 2016 was driven by higher average selling prices primarily within Latin America and North America, which contributed to an increase in net sales of 2.9%. Volumes also contributed 2.9% in growth driven by contributions from acquisitions of 3.4%, offset partially by volume declines in Latin America. These increases were offset by the impacts of currency exchange, which contributed to a 2.7% reduction in net sales, resulting from the impacts of weakening currencies across all regions compared to the U.S. dollar.
Adjusted EBITDA increased $9.5 million, or 6.8%, to $148.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 compared to Adjusted EBITDA of $139.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015. The increase in Adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended September 30, 2016 was driven by higher average selling prices in the refinish end-market and impacts related to our recent acquisitions, as well as lower variable costs across all regions. These increases were partially offset by unfavorable impacts of the weakening of certain currencies across all regions compared to the U.S. dollar and higher operating costs related to increases in volumes across both end-markets.
Transportation Coatings Segment
Net sales increased $4.4 million, or 1.1%, to $404.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 compared to net sales of $399.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015. The increase in net sales for the three months ended September 30, 2016 was driven by an increase in volume of 1.8%, primarily attributable to increases in our Asia and North America light vehicle end-markets, as well as contributions from our recent acquisitions of 1.3%. Furthering the increase were higher average selling prices, primarily within Latin America, which contributed to an increase of 0.5%. These increases were offset by decreases resulting from unfavorable impacts of currency exchange, which contributed to a 1.2% reduction in net sales, resulting primarily from the impacts of the weakening of certain currencies within Asia and Europe compared to the U.S. dollar.
Adjusted EBITDA increased $6.8 million, or 8.7%, to $84.7 million for the three months ended