Form: 10-Q

Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

October 25, 2018


 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018
or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     .
Commission File Number: 001-36733
 
AXALTA COATING SYSTEMS LTD.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Bermuda
 
2851
 
98-1073028
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
Two Commerce Square
2001 Market Street
Suite 3600
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103
(855) 547-1461
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of the registrant’s principal executive offices)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Common Shares, $1.00 par value
 
 
 
New York Stock Exchange
(title of class)
 
 
 
(Exchange on which registered)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Company is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Large accelerated filer ý Non-accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer ¨ Smaller reporting company ¨ Emerging growth company ¨

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act ¨

Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý

As of October 19, 2018, there were 238,715,154 shares of the registrant’s common shares outstanding.

 
 
 
 
 


Table of Contents

Table of Contents
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2

Table of Contents

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

AXALTA COATING SYSTEMS LTD.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share data)
    
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine months ended September 30,

2018
2017
2018
2017
Net sales
$
1,139.3

$
1,091.8

$
3,511.6

$
3,188.1

Other revenue
6.7

4.5

18.6

16.5

Total revenue
1,146.0

1,096.3

3,530.2

3,204.6

Cost of goods sold
759.1

702.5

2,328.9

2,033.9

Selling, general and administrative expenses
293.4

246.5

745.8

717.1

Venezuela deconsolidation charge



70.9

Research and development expenses
17.0

16.6

54.3

48.6

Amortization of acquired intangibles
28.7

26.8

86.9

72.3

Income from operations
47.8

103.9

314.3

261.8

Interest expense, net
39.8

37.7

118.5

109.1

Other expense, net
5.5

7.8

11.4

27.9

Income before income taxes
2.5

58.4

184.4

124.8

Provision for income taxes
14.1

2.1

47.9

21.5

Net income (loss)
(11.6
)
56.3

136.5

103.3

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
1.5

1.4

4.8

5.1

Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interests
$
(13.1
)
$
54.9

$
131.7

$
98.2

Basic net income (loss) per share
$
(0.05
)
$
0.23

$
0.55

$
0.41

Diluted net income (loss) per share
$
(0.05
)
$
0.22

$
0.54

$
0.40

Basic weighted average shares outstanding
238.7

240.7

239.9

240.5

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
238.7

245.8

244.2

246.2


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


3

Table of Contents

AXALTA COATING SYSTEMS LTD.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) (Unaudited)
(In millions)
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2018
2017
2018
2017
Net income (loss)
$
(11.6
)
$
56.3

$
136.5

$
103.3

Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax:
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(17.6
)
21.5

(86.9
)
89.3

Unrealized gain (loss) on securities

0.2


(0.1
)
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivatives
3.6

0.2

16.2

(1.1
)
Unrealized gain (loss) on pension plan obligations
0.6

(0.3
)
(0.7
)
9.0

Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax
(13.4
)
21.6

(71.4
)
97.1

Income tax provision (benefit) related to items of other comprehensive income (loss)
0.6

(0.6
)
2.3

2.0

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
(14.0
)
22.2

(73.7
)
95.1

Comprehensive income (loss)
(25.6
)
78.5

62.8

198.4

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
0.3

1.4

1.7

6.1

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to controlling interests
$
(25.9
)
$
77.1

$
61.1

$
192.3


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

Table of Contents

AXALTA COATING SYSTEMS LTD.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share data)

September 30, 2018
December 31, 2017
Assets


Current assets:


Cash and cash equivalents
$
588.1

$
769.8

Restricted cash
2.8

3.1

Accounts and notes receivable, net
958.2

870.2

Inventories
618.6

608.6

Prepaid expenses and other
128.5

63.9

Total current assets
2,296.2

2,315.6

Property, plant and equipment, net
1,325.0

1,388.6

Goodwill
1,248.0

1,271.2

Identifiable intangibles, net
1,388.1

1,428.2

Other assets
503.5

428.6

Total assets
$
6,760.8

$
6,832.2

Liabilities, Shareholders’ Equity


Current liabilities:


Accounts payable
$
533.5

$
554.9

Current portion of borrowings
42.5

37.7

Other accrued liabilities
455.3

489.6

Total current liabilities
1,031.3

1,082.2

Long-term borrowings
3,852.0

3,877.9

Accrued pensions
271.0

279.1

Deferred income taxes
149.3

152.9

Other liabilities
111.1

32.3

Total liabilities
5,414.7

5,424.4

Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)


Shareholders’ equity


Common shares, $1.00 par, 1,000.0 shares authorized, 246.7 and 243.9 shares issued at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
245.1

242.4

Capital in excess of par
1,399.4

1,354.5

Retained earnings (Accumulated deficit)
123.2

(21.4
)
Treasury shares, at cost 7.1 and 2.0 shares at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
(211.9
)
(58.4
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(312.4
)
(241.0
)
Total Axalta shareholders’ equity
1,243.4

1,276.1

Noncontrolling interests
102.7

131.7

Total shareholders’ equity
1,346.1

1,407.8

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
6,760.8

$
6,832.2


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents

AXALTA COATING SYSTEMS LTD.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(In millions)
 
Nine months ended September 30,

2018
2017
Operating activities:


Net income
$
136.5

$
103.3

Adjustment to reconcile net income to cash used for operating activities:


Depreciation and amortization
274.9

255.9

Amortization of deferred financing costs and original issue discount
5.8

6.1

Debt extinguishment and refinancing related costs
8.4

13.0

Deferred income taxes
(1.8
)
(21.7
)
Realized and unrealized foreign exchange (gains) losses, net
16.2

(1.4
)
Stock-based compensation
27.5

30.5

Asset impairments

7.6

Loss on deconsolidation of Venezuela

70.9

Net interest income on swaps designated as net investment hedges
(5.9
)

Other non-cash, net
(3.9
)
6.9

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:


Trade accounts and notes receivable
(119.5
)
(44.5
)
Inventories
(51.8
)
(37.6
)
Prepaid expenses and other
(127.9
)
(79.9
)
Accounts payable
45.4

34.2

Other accrued liabilities
(33.6
)
(27.8
)
Other liabilities
75.2

(9.1
)
Cash provided by operating activities
245.5

306.4

Investing activities:


Acquisitions
(79.2
)
(559.3
)
Investment in non-controlling interest
(26.9
)

Purchase of property, plant and equipment
(109.5
)
(87.2
)
Reduction of cash due to Venezuela deconsolidation

(4.3
)
Purchase of intangibles

(0.5
)
Net interest proceeds on swaps designated as net investment hedges
5.9


Other investing activities
5.2

4.6

Cash used for investing activities
(204.5
)
(646.7
)
Financing activities:




Proceeds from long-term borrowings
468.9

456.4

Payments on short-term borrowings
(33.8
)
(7.0
)
Payments on long-term borrowings
(505.1
)
(12.4
)
Financing-related costs
(4.9
)
(9.9
)
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests
(1.0
)
(2.7
)
Purchase of treasury stock
(147.8
)
(58.4
)
Proceeds from option exercises
17.2

19.9

Deferred acquisition-related consideration
(6.0
)
(5.2
)
Cash (used for) provided by financing activities
(212.5
)
380.7

Decrease in cash
(171.5
)
40.4

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(10.5
)
13.5

Cash at beginning of period
772.9

538.1

Cash at end of period
$
590.9

$
592.0






Cash at end of period reconciliation:




Cash and cash equivalents
$
588.1

$
588.9

Restricted cash
2.8

3.1

Cash at end of period
$
590.9

$
592.0

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)



(1)     BASIS OF PRESENTATION OF THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The interim condensed consolidated financial statements included herein are unaudited. In the opinion of management, these statements include all adjustments, consisting only of normal, recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the financial position of Axalta Coating Systems Ltd., a Bermuda exempted company limited by shares, and its consolidated subsidiaries ("Axalta," the "Company," "we," "our" and "us") at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the results of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, and its cash flows for the nine months then ended. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. These interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. The year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
The interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Axalta and its subsidiaries, and entities in which a controlling interest is maintained. Certain of our joint ventures are accounted for on a one-month lag basis, the effect of which is not material.
The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for a full year.
Accounting Standards - Reclassifications
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we adopted various accounting standards that had impacts to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements, one of which resulted in reclassifications to amounts previously reported for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017. Refer to Note 2 for further information.
(2)    RECENT ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE
Recently Adopted Accounting Guidance
In August 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standard Update ("ASU") 2017-12, "Derivatives and Hedging," which modifies the presentation and disclosure of hedging results and provides partial relief on the timing of certain aspects of hedge documentation including the elimination of the requirement to recognize hedge ineffectiveness separately in earnings. We elected to early adopt this standard on January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach. We recorded a cumulative adjustment for previously recognized ineffectiveness to retained earnings at January 1, 2018. This did not result in a material impact to our financial statements.
In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07, "Compensation—Retirement Benefits," which requires that an employer report the service cost component of net periodic pension costs in the same line item or items as other compensation costs arising from services rendered by the pertinent employees during the period. It also requires the other components of net periodic pension costs to be presented in the statement of operations separately from the service cost component and outside a subtotal of income from operations. On January 1, 2018 we retrospectively adopted this standard, which resulted in a reclassification on the condensed consolidated statements of operations of a benefit of $0.1 million and a loss of $0.4 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively, from income from operations to other expense, net.
On January 1, 2018, we adopted ASU 2017-01, "Clarifying the Definition of a Business," which sets forth the accounting guidance that assists in the determination of whether a set of transferred assets and activities is a business. This new guidance requires an entity to first evaluate whether substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets. If this threshold is met, the set of transferred assets and activities is not a business; whereas, if the threshold is not met, the entity evaluates whether the set meets the requirement that a business include, at a minimum, an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create outputs. The standard also narrows the definition of outputs by more closely aligning it with how outputs are described in the new revenue guidance.

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


On January 1, 2018, we adopted ASU 2016-01, "Financial Instruments - Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities," which requires equity investments in unconsolidated entities, excluding those accounted for using the equity method of accounting, to be remeasured at exit price fair value, with changes recorded in the statement of operations. This standard was adopted using the modified retrospective application resulting in a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings at January 1, 2018. This did not result in a material impact to our financial statements.
On January 1, 2018, we adopted ASU 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” and all related amendments comprising ASC 606 (the “new revenue standard”), electing to use the modified retrospective method. We also elected to apply certain practical expedients, including the application of the modified retrospective method to open contracts at December 31, 2017. Comparative information has not been recasted and continues to be reported under historical U.S. GAAP in effect to those applicable periods. The following table summarizes the cumulative effect made to our condensed consolidated balance sheet as a result of the adoption to this standard.
 
December 31, 2017
Adjustments due to ASU 2014-09
January 1, 2018
Assets
 
 
 
Inventories
$
608.6

$
(22.7
)
$
585.9

Prepaid expenses and other (1)
63.9

41.7

105.6

Other assets (2)
428.6

(1.9
)
426.7

 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
Other accrued liabilities (3)
$
489.6

$
1.9

$
491.5

Deferred income taxes
152.9

3.0

155.9

 
 
 
 
Equity
 
 
 
Accumulated deficit
$
(21.4
)
$
12.1

$
(9.3
)
Noncontrolling interests
131.7

0.1

131.8

(1)
Includes the impact to contract assets resulting from the modified retrospective adoption of the new revenue standard.
(2)
Includes the impacts to deferred income taxes resulting from the modified retrospective adoption of the new revenue standard.
(3)
Includes the impacts of estimated variable consideration on certain arrangements in our refinish end-market.
The impacts to the balance sheet as of the adoption date represent the acceleration of revenue for certain arrangements, primarily within our light vehicle end-market, for which we determined our performance obligation has been satisfied, as discussed further in Note 3. Specifically, we concluded that the transfer of control to the customer, as defined under the new revenue standard, occurs at a date prior to consumption. Additionally, certain costs historically reported in selling, general and administrative expenses under historical U.S. GAAP related to technical support services that are not considered material in the context of our contracts with certain customers are now reported within cost of goods sold on the condensed consolidated statements of operations, as they represent costs incurred in satisfaction of performance obligations. See Note 3 for further discussion.
Accounting Guidance Issued But Not Yet Adopted
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, "Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment," which eliminates the second step in the goodwill impairment test requiring an entity to determine the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill. Instead, an entity should recognize an impairment loss if the carrying value of the net assets assigned to the reporting unit exceeds the fair value of the reporting unit, with the impairment loss not to exceed the amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. The standard is effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests conducted in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. This standard is not expected to have a material impact on our financial statements unless an impairment indicator is identified in our reporting units.

8

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, "Leases," which, together with amendments comprising ASC 842, requires lessees to identify arrangements that should be accounted for as leases and generally recognize, for operating and finance leases with terms exceeding twelve months, a right-of-use asset (or "ROU") and lease liability on the balance sheet. In addition to this main provision, this standard included a number of additional changes to lease accounting. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted prior to this date. A modified retrospective transition approach is required, applying the new standard to all leases existing at the date of initial application. An entity may choose to use either its effective date or the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements as its date of initial application. We will adopt the new standard on January 1, 2019 and use the effective date as our date of initial application. As a result, historical financial information will not be updated and the disclosures required under the new standard will not be provided as of and for periods before January 1, 2019.
The new standard provides a number of optional practical expedients in transition. We expect to elect the package of practical expedients, which permits us not to reassess under the new standard our prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs. We do not expect to elect the use-of-hindsight or the practical expedient pertaining to land easements; the latter not being applicable to us. The new standard also provides practical expedients for an entity’s ongoing accounting. We currently expect to elect the short-term lease recognition exemption for all leases that qualify, meaning we will not recognize ROU assets or lease liabilities, and this includes not recognizing ROU assets or lease liabilities for existing short-term leases (leases with a term of less than 12 months from lease commencement) of those assets in transition. We also currently expect to elect the practical expedient to not separate lease and non-lease components for certain leases, including our leases of vehicles and equipment.
The Company is in process of implementing an outsourced software solution to support the ongoing accounting requirements that this standard will have on our consolidated financial statements. We are in process of reviewing our lease arrangements, as well as working through implementation steps and assessing our procedural and policy requirements and impacts to our internal controls. At a minimum, in the period the ASU is adopted, in addition to the expanded disclosures regarding leases, total assets and total liabilities will increase as a result of the recognized new ROU assets and lease liabilities for our equipment, vehicle and real estate operating leases, and our leases accounted for as sale-leaseback financing transactions will be derecognized and accounted for as a lease upon adoption.
(3)    REVENUE
We recognize revenue at the point our contractual performance obligations with our customers are satisfied. This occurs at the point in time when control of our products transfers to the customer based on considerations of right to payment, transfer of legal title, physical possession, risks and rewards of ownership and customer acceptance. For the majority of our revenue, control transfers upon shipment of our products to our customers. Our remaining revenue is recorded upon delivery or consumption for our product sales or as incurred for services provided and royalties earned.
Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration we expect to receive in exchange for our products or services. Our contracts, including those subject to standard terms and conditions under multi-year agreements, are largely short-term in nature and each customer purchase order typically represents a contract with the delivery of coatings representing the only separate performance obligation.
For certain customer arrangements within our light vehicle, industrial and commercial vehicle end-markets, revenue is recognized upon shipment, as this is the point in time we have concluded that control of our product has transferred to our customer based on our considerations of the indicators of control in the contracts, including right of use and risk and reward of ownership. For consignment arrangements, revenue is recognized upon actual consumption by our customers, as this represents the point in time that control is determined to have transferred to the customer based on the contractual arrangement.
In our refinish end-market, our product sales are typically supplied through a network of distributors. Control transfers and revenue is recognized when our products are delivered to our distribution customers. Variable consideration in the form of price, less discounts and rebates, are estimated and recorded, as a reduction to net sales, upon the sale of our products based on our ability to make a reasonable estimate of the amounts expected to be received or incurred. The estimates of variable consideration involve significant assumptions based on the best estimates of inventory held by distributors, applicable pricing, as well as the use of historical actuals for sales, discounts and rebates, which may result in changes in estimates in the future.

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


The timing of payments associated with the above arrangements may differ from the timing associated with the satisfaction of our performance obligations. The period between the satisfaction of the performance obligation and the receipt of payment is dependent on terms and conditions specific to the customers. For transactions in which we expect, at contract inception, the period between the transfer of our products or services to our customer and when the customer pays for that good or service to be greater than one year, we adjust the promised amount of consideration for the effects of any significant financing components.
All costs incurred directly in satisfaction of our performance obligations associated with revenue are reported in cost of goods sold on the statements of operations. We also provide certain customers with incremental up-front consideration, including Business Incentive Plan assets ("BIPs"), which is capitalized as a component of other assets and amortized over the estimated life of the contractual arrangement as a reduction of net sales. We do not receive a distinct service or good in return for these BIPs, but rather receive volume commitments and/or sole supplier status from our customers over the life of the contractual arrangements, which approximates a five-year weighted average useful life. The termination clauses in these contractual arrangements include standard clawback provisions that enable us to collect monetary damages in the event of a customer’s failure to meet its commitments under the relevant contract. At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the total carrying value of BIPs were $194.6 million and $173.0 million, respectively, and are presented within other assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, $16.8 million and $49.9 million, respectively, were amortized and reflected as reductions of net sales in the condensed consolidated statements of operations, while $16.0 million and $49.0 million were amortized during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively.
We accrue for sales returns and other allowances based on our historical experience, as well as expectations based on current information relevant to our customers. We include the amounts billed to customers for shipping and handling fees in net sales and include costs incurred for the delivery of goods as cost of goods sold in the statement of operations.
Recognition of licensing and royalty income occurs at the point in time when agreed upon performance obligations are satisfied, the amount is fixed or determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured.
Consideration for products in which control has transferred to our customers that is conditional on something other than the passage of time is recorded as a contract asset within prepaid expenses and other on the balance sheet. The contract asset balances at September 30, 2018 and January 1, 2018 were $46.3 million and $41.7 million, respectively.
The arrangements discussed above that have changed under the new revenue standard have resulted in a difference in timing of revenue recognition and classification of associated costs compared with historical U.S. GAAP. In addition to the application of the modified retrospective method to open contracts at the date of adoption (discussed in Note 2), we have applied certain other policy elections upon adoption of the new revenue standard beginning January 1, 2018, including accounting for shipping and handling costs as contract fulfillment costs, as well as excluding from the transaction price any taxes imposed on and collected from customers in revenue producing transactions. Other practical expedients associated with the new revenue standard were assessed by management and concluded to be not applicable, including the application of a portfolio approach, costs to obtain a contract, existence of significant financing components, contract modifications and right to invoice.

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


The following tables summarizes the impact to our condensed consolidated statements of operations and balance sheets in accordance with the new revenue standard:
 
For the three months ended September 30, 2018
 
As reported
Prior to ASU 2014-09
Increases / (Decreases)
Net sales
$
1,139.3

$
1,137.6

$
1.7

Cost of goods sold
759.1

741.1

18.0

Selling, general and administrative expenses
293.4

310.3

(16.9
)
Provision for income taxes
14.1

14.0

0.1

Net income (loss)
(11.6
)
(12.1
)
0.5

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
1.5

1.6

(0.1
)
Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interests
$
(13.1
)
$
(13.7
)
$
0.6

 
For the nine months ended September 30, 2018
 
As reported
Prior to ASU 2014-09
Increases / (Decreases)
Net sales
$
3,511.6

$
3,505.7

$
5.9

Cost of goods sold
2,328.9

2,280.3

48.6

Selling, general and administrative expenses
745.8

791.1

(45.3
)
Provision for income taxes
47.9

47.4

0.5

Net income
136.5

134.4

2.1

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
4.8

4.7

0.1

Net income attributable to controlling interests
$
131.7

$
129.7

$
2.0

 
At September 30, 2018
 
As reported
Prior to ASU 2014-09
Increases / (Decreases)
Assets
 
 
 
Inventories
$
618.6

$
643.9

$
(25.3
)
Prepaid expenses and other
128.5

82.2

46.3

Other assets
503.5

505.8

(2.3
)
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
Other accrued liabilities
$
455.3

$
453.6

$
1.7

Deferred income taxes
149.3

146.2

3.1

 
 
 
 
Equity
 
 
 
Retained earnings
$
123.2

$
109.1

$
14.1

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(312.4
)
(312.0
)
(0.4
)
Noncontrolling interests
102.7

102.5

0.2


11

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


Revenue Streams
Our revenue streams are disaggregated based on the types of products and services offered in contracts with our customers, which are depicted in each of our four end-markets.
Refinish - We develop, market and supply a complete portfolio of innovative coatings systems and color matching technologies to facilitate faster automotive collision repairs relative to competing technologies. Our refinish products and systems include a range of coatings layers required to match the vehicle’s color and appearance, producing a repair surface indistinguishable from the adjacent surface.
Industrial - The industrial end-market is comprised of liquid and powder coatings used in a broad array of end-market applications. We are also a leading global developer, manufacturer and supplier of functional and decorative liquid and powder coatings for a large number of diversified applications in the industrial end-market. We provide a full portfolio of products for applications including architectural cladding and fittings, automotive coatings, general industrial, job coaters, electrical insulation coatings, HVAC, appliances, industrial wood, coil, rebar and oil & gas pipelines.
Light Vehicle - Light vehicle original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs") select coatings providers on the basis of their global ability to deliver advanced technological solutions that improve exterior appearance and durability and provide long-term corrosion protection. Customers also look for suppliers that can enhance process efficiency to reduce overall manufacturing costs and provide on-site technical support.
Commercial Vehicle - Sales in the commercial vehicle end-market are generated from a variety of applications including non-automotive transportation (e.g., heavy duty truck, bus and rail) and Agricultural, Construction and Earthmoving, as well as related markets such as trailers, recreational vehicles and personal sport vehicles. This end-market is primarily driven by global commercial vehicle production, which is influenced by overall economic activity, government infrastructure spending, equipment replacement cycles and evolving environmental standards. Commercial vehicle OEMs select coatings providers on the basis of their ability to consistently deliver advanced technological solutions that improve exterior appearance, protection and durability and provide extensive color libraries and matching capabilities at the lowest total cost-in-use, while meeting stringent environmental requirements.
We also have other revenue streams which include immaterial revenues relative to the net sales of our four end-markets, comprised of sales of royalties and services, primarily within our light vehicle and refinish end-markets.
See Note 19 for net sales by end-market.

12

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(4)    ACQUISITIONS
Acquisition of The Valspar Corporation's North American Industrial Wood Coatings Business
On June 1, 2017, the Company completed its acquisition from The Valspar Corporation ("Valspar") of certain assets constituting its North American Industrial Wood Coatings business (the "Industrial Wood" business), for a purchase price of $420.0 million, subject to working capital adjustments. No material adjustments were recorded during the nine months ended September 30, 2018, as we finalized our purchase accounting during the respective measurement period, one year following the closing date. After all required adjustments, the Company paid an aggregate purchase price of $430.3 million, which was comprised of the following:
 
June 1, 2017 (As Initially Reported)
Measurement Period Adjustments
June 1, 2017
(As Adjusted)
Accounts and notes receivable—trade
$
23.3

$

$
23.3

Inventories
24.9

(0.2
)
24.7

Prepaid expenses and other
0.2


0.2

Property, plant and equipment
23.0

0.1

23.1

Identifiable intangibles
254.2

4.9

259.1

Accounts payable
(22.4
)
0.2

(22.2
)
Other accrued liabilities
(5.1
)
0.4

(4.7
)
Net assets acquired before goodwill on acquisition
298.1

5.4

303.5

Goodwill on acquisition
132.6

(5.8
)
126.8

Net assets acquired
$
430.7

$
(0.4
)
$
430.3

Supplemental Pro Forma Information
The following supplemental pro forma information represents the results of operations as if the Company had acquired the Industrial Wood business on January 1, 2016:
 
For the nine months ended
 (in millions, except per share data)
September 30, 2017
Net sales
$
3,289.4

Net income
108.8

Net income attributable to controlling interests
103.7

Net income per share (Basic)
0.43

Net income per share (Diluted)
0.42

The 2017 supplemental pro forma net income was adjusted to exclude $5.3 million ($3.3 million, net of pro forma income tax impact) of acquisition-related costs incurred in 2017 and $2.3 million ($1.4 million, net of pro forma income tax impact) of non-recurring expense related to the fair market value adjustment to acquisition date inventory. The unaudited pro forma consolidated information does not necessarily reflect the actual results that would have occurred had the acquisition taken place on January 1, 2016, nor is it meant to be indicative of future results of operations of the combined businesses under the ownership and operation of the Company.
Other Acquisitions
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we successfully completed four strategic acquisitions, including two based in Asia Pacific and two based in North America, all of which operate within our Performance Coatings segment ("2018 Acquisitions"). Our 2018 aggregate spending for these acquisitions for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $1.0 million and $76.4 million, respectively. The overall impacts to our condensed consolidated financial statements were not considered to be material, either individually or in the aggregate. The fair value associated with identifiable intangible assets from the 2018 Acquisitions was $61.6 million, comprised primarily of technology and customer relationship assets, which will be amortized over a weighted average term of approximately 9 years.

13

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


At September 30, 2018, for the 2018 Acquisitions treated as business combinations and any business combination completed after September 30, 2017, we have not finalized the related purchase accounting and the amounts recorded represent preliminary values. We expect to finalize our purchase accounting during the respective measurement periods which will be no later than one year following the closing dates.
In addition, during the nine months ended September 30, 2018, pursuant to the stock purchase agreement for a joint venture acquired during the year ended December 31, 2016, we were required to purchase an additional 24.5% interest for $26.9 million, increasing our total ownership percentage to 75.5%.
(5)    GOODWILL AND IDENTIFIABLE INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Goodwill
The following table shows changes in the carrying amount of goodwill from December 31, 2017 to September 30, 2018 by reportable segment:
 
Performance
Coatings
Transportation
Coatings
Total
December 31, 2017
$
1,189.2

$
82.0

$
1,271.2

Purchase accounting adjustments
(0.2
)

(0.2
)
Foreign currency translation
(21.5
)
(1.5
)
(23.0
)
September 30, 2018
$
1,167.5

$
80.5

$
1,248.0

Identifiable Intangible Assets
The following tables summarize the gross carrying amounts and accumulated amortization of identifiable intangible assets by major class:
September 30, 2018
Gross Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Book
Value
Weighted average
amortization periods (years)
Technology
$
552.4

$
(250.9
)
$
301.5

10.4
Trademarks - indefinite-lived
273.5


273.5

Indefinite
Trademarks - definite-lived
102.1

(22.6
)
79.5

15.8
Customer relationships
934.8

(212.4
)
722.4

19.1
Other
17.2

(6.0
)
11.2

4.8
Total
$
1,880.0

$
(491.9
)
$
1,388.1

 
December 31, 2017
Gross Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Book
Value
Weighted average
amortization periods (years)
Technology
$
498.0

$
(213.6
)
$
284.4

10.5
Trademarks—indefinite-lived
277.2


277.2

Indefinite
Trademarks—definite-lived
102.6

(17.7
)
84.9

15.9
Customer relationships
945.1

(176.8
)
768.3

19.0
Other
16.6

(3.2
)
13.4

4.8
Total
$
1,839.5

$
(411.3
)
$
1,428.2

 

14

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


The estimated amortization expense related to the fair value of acquired intangible assets for the remainder of 2018 and each of the succeeding five years is:
Remainder of 2018
$
28.8

2019
115.3

2020
115.1

2021
114.4

2022
112.2

2023
72.0

(6)    RESTRUCTURING
In accordance with the applicable guidance for Nonretirement Postemployment Benefits, we accounted for termination benefits and recognized liabilities when it was considered probable that employees were entitled to termination benefits and the amounts could be reasonably estimated.
We have incurred costs in connection with involuntary termination benefits associated with our productivity initiatives, including our transition to a standalone entity and cost-saving opportunities associated with our Fit For Growth and Axalta Way initiatives. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, we recorded restructuring costs, net of changes to estimates that resulted in benefits, of $81.4 million and $79.9 million, respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, we incurred restructuring costs of $6.2 million and $7.6 million, respectively. These amounts are recorded within selling, general and administrative expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The payments associated with these actions are expected to be substantially completed within 12 to 24 months from the balance sheet date.
The following table summarizes the activities related to the restructuring reserves and expenses from December 31, 2017 to September 30, 2018:
 
2018 Activity
Balance at December 31, 2017
$
71.5

Expenses, net of changes to estimates
79.9

Payments made
(41.2
)
Foreign currency translation
0.3

Balance at September 30, 2018
$
110.5

Restructuring charges incurred during 2018 and 2017 included actions to reduce operational costs through activities to rationalize our manufacturing footprint, including the impacts from the anticipated closure of our Mechelen, Belgium manufacturing facility announced during the three months ended September 30, 2018. Severance costs specifically associated with the anticipated closure amounted to $70.6 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018. Manufacturing assets were also assessed, including assessment of assets totaling $55.8 million (€47.7 million) at our Mechelen, Belgium manufacturing facility, and as a result, useful lives of the assets were truncated. The impacts to earnings from accelerated depreciation resulting from our manufacturing footprint assessments for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, were $4.2 million, $4.2 million, zero and $4.3 million, respectively, and were recorded to cost of goods sold. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, we also recorded impairment losses of $4.4 million and $7.6 million, respectively, associated with these manufacturing facilities based on market price estimates recorded within other expense, net.

15

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(7)    COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Sale-Leaseback Obligations
We have three lease arrangements that are treated as sale-leaseback financing transactions. The lessors' building costs are depreciated over an estimated useful life beginning at the commencement of the rental terms, at which point such lease assets recorded in property, plant and equipment had a corresponding offset within long-term borrowings. The table below reflects the total remaining cash payments related to all transactions during the rental term at September 30, 2018:
 
Sale-leaseback obligations
Remainder of 2018
$
1.3

2019
5.3

2020
5.4

2021
5.4

2022
5.7

Thereafter
82.5

Total minimum payments
$
105.6

Guarantees
We guarantee certain of our customers’ obligations to third parties, whereby any default by our customers on their obligations could force us to make payments to the applicable creditors. At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, we had outstanding bank guarantees of $13.8 million and $15.2 million, respectively, which expire between 2018 and 2022. We monitor the obligations to evaluate whether we have a liability at the balance sheet date, for which none existed at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
Other
We are subject to various pending lawsuits, legal proceedings and other claims in the ordinary course of business, including civil, regulatory and environmental matters. These litigation matters may involve third-party indemnification obligations and/or insurance covering all or part of any potential damage against us. All of these matters are subject to many uncertainties and, accordingly, we cannot determine the ultimate outcome of the proceedings and other claims at this time, although management does not believe that such proceedings, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Axalta. The potential effects, if any, on such condensed consolidated financial statements will be recorded in the period in which these matters are probable and estimable.

16

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(8)    LONG-TERM EMPLOYEE BENEFITS
Components of Net Periodic Benefit Cost
The following table sets forth the components of net periodic benefit cost for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2018
2017
2018
2017
Components of net periodic benefit cost:
 
 
 
 
Net periodic benefit cost:
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
2.2

$
2.2

$
6.7

$
6.4

Interest cost
3.2

3.3

10.0

10.0

Expected return on plan assets
(3.9
)
(3.7
)
(12.2
)
(10.7
)
Amortization of actuarial loss, net
0.3

0.3

0.9

1.1

Amortization of prior service credit, net


(0.1
)

Net periodic benefit cost
$
1.8

$
2.1

$
5.3

$
6.8

(9)    STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, we recognized $9.4 million and $27.5 million, respectively, in stock-based compensation expense which was allocated between costs of goods sold and selling, general and administrative expenses on the condensed consolidated statements of operations. We recognized a tax benefit of $1.8 million and $5.2 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively. Forfeitures are recorded in the period they occur.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, we recognized $9.2 million and $30.5 million, respectively, in stock-based compensation expense which was allocated to cost of goods sold and selling, general and administrative expenses on the condensed consolidated statements of operations. We recognized a tax benefit of $2.8 million and $9.1 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively.
2018 Activity
In February 2018, we granted non-qualified service-based stock options, restricted stock awards, restricted stock units, performance stock awards and performance share units to certain employees and directors. All awards were granted under the Company's 2014 Incentive Award Plan (the "2014 Plan"). A summary of award activity by type for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 is presented below.
Stock Options
Awards/Units (in millions)
Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 (in millions)
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (years)
Outstanding at January 1, 2018
8.1

$
16.54

 
 
Granted
1.1

29.75

 
 
Exercised
(1.6
)
10.54

 
 
Forfeited
(0.2
)
29.62

 
 
Outstanding at September 30, 2018
7.4

$
19.50

 
 
Vested and expected to vest at September 30, 2018
7.4

$
19.50

$
75.1

6.36
Exercisable at September 30, 2018
5.5

$
16.39

$
73.4

5.54
Cash received by the Company upon exercise of options for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $17.2 million. Tax benefits on these exercises were $6.3 million.

17

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


At September 30, 2018, there is $7.2 million of unrecognized expense relating to unvested stock options that is expected to be amortized over a weighted average period of 1.7 years.
Restricted Stock Awards and Restricted Stock Units
Awards
(millions)
Weighted-Average
Fair Value
Outstanding at January 1, 2018
1.9

$
29.32

Granted
1.0

30.12

Vested
(1.1
)
30.16

Forfeited
(0.1
)
29.24

Outstanding at September 30, 2018
1.7

$
29.26

Tax benefits on the vesting of restricted stock during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 were $0.2 million.
At September 30, 2018, there is $28.0 million of unamortized expense relating to unvested restricted stock and restricted stock units that is expected to be amortized over a weighted average period of 1.6 years.
Performance Stock Awards and Performance Share Units
Awards
(millions)
Weighted-Average
Fair Value
Outstanding at January 1, 2018
0.6

$
31.17

Granted
0.3

33.77

Vested


Forfeited


Outstanding at September 30, 2018
0.9

$
31.97

At September 30, 2018, there is $13.5 million of unamortized expense relating to unvested performance stock awards and performance share units that is expected to be amortized over a weighted average period of 1.9 years.
(10)    OTHER EXPENSE, NET
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2018
2017
2018
2017
Foreign exchange losses, net
$
7.0

$
3.5

$
8.7

$
8.3

Impairments of property

4.4


7.6

Debt extinguishment and refinancing related costs

0.6

8.4

13.0

Other miscellaneous income, net
(1.5
)
(0.7
)
(5.7
)
(1.0
)
Total
$
5.5

$
7.8

$
11.4

$
27.9

Debt extinguishment and refinancing related costs include third-party fees incurred in conjunction with the refinancing of the Dollar Term Loans during 2017 and 2018, as well as the loss on extinguishment associated with the write-off of unamortized deferred financing costs and original issue discounts associated with the 2023 Euro Term Loans for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, as discussed further in Note 16.
(11)    INCOME TAXES
Our effective income tax rates for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 are as follows:
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2018
2017
Effective Tax Rate
26.0
%
17.2
%
The higher effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was primarily due to the unfavorable impact associated with the financial impacts surrounding the anticipated closure of our Belgium manufacturing facility and a decrease in excess tax benefits related to stock-based compensation of $6.5 million compared with $11.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

18

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


On December 22, 2017, the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“U.S. TCJA”) was enacted into law and as a result we recorded a provisional tax charge at December 31, 2017 of $107.8 million. As of September 30, 2018, we have reviewed additional guidance released by the Department of the Treasury and reduced the tax charge by $12.4 million related to the realizability of certain interest carryforwards. Our net provisional tax charge recorded to date is based on our present understanding of the U.S. TCJA and may be further adjusted as additional guidance is released. The benefit related to the reduction to the U.S. TCJA provisional tax charge was largely offset by the impact of tax discrete items for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 related to other tax initiatives.
The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 differs from the U.S. Federal statutory rate due to various items that impacted the effective rate both favorably and unfavorably. We recorded the unfavorable impact of pre-tax losses attributable to jurisdictions where a tax benefit is not expected to be realized, unrecognized tax benefits, non-deductible expenses and interest and the unfavorable impact associated with the financial impacts surrounding the anticipated closure of our Belgium manufacturing facility. These adjustments were offset by the favorable adjustments for earnings in jurisdictions where the statutory rate is lower than the U.S. Federal statutory rate, currency exchange losses, revisions to the provisional charge related to the U.S. TCJA discussed above and current year excess tax benefits related to stock-based compensation.
(12)    NET INCOME (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE
Basic net income per common share excludes the dilutive impact of potentially dilutive securities and is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted net income per common share includes the effect of potential dilution from the hypothetical exercise of outstanding stock options and vesting of restricted shares and performance shares. A reconciliation of our basic and diluted net income per common share is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions, except per share data)
2018
2017
2018
2017
Net income (loss) to common shareholders
$
(13.1
)
$
54.9

$
131.7

$
98.2

Basic weighted average shares outstanding
238.7

240.7

239.9

240.5

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
238.7

245.8

244.2

246.2

Net income (loss) per common share:
 
 


Basic net income (loss) per share
$
(0.05
)
$
0.23

$
0.55

$
0.41

Diluted net income (loss) per share
$
(0.05
)
$
0.22

$
0.54

$
0.40

The number of anti-dilutive shares that have been excluded in the computation of diluted net income (loss) per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 were 8.8 million and 2.6 million, respectively. The number of anti-dilutive shares that have been excluded in the computation of diluted net income (loss) per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 were 1.9 million and 1.8 million, respectively.
(13)    ACCOUNTS AND NOTES RECEIVABLE, NET
 
September 30, 2018
December 31, 2017
Accounts receivable - trade, net
$
834.3

$
748.2

Notes receivable
29.1

29.4

Other
94.8

92.6

Total
$
958.2

$
870.2

Accounts and notes receivable are carried at amounts that approximate fair value. Accounts receivable - trade, net are net of allowances of $15.7 million and $15.9 million at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Bad debt expense, within selling, general and administration expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, was $0.6 million and $1.5 million, respectively, and $0.9 million and $3.3 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively.

19

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(14)    INVENTORIES
 
September 30, 2018
December 31, 2017
Finished products
$
331.8

$
347.5

Semi-finished products
109.5

95.5

Raw materials and supplies
177.3

165.6

Total
$
618.6

$
608.6

Stores and supplies inventories of $21.5 million and $20.8 million at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, were valued under the weighted average cost method.
(15) PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET
Depreciation expense amounted to $45.5 million and $134.7 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, and $43.3 million and $131.3 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively.
 
September 30, 2018
December 31, 2017
Property, plant and equipment
$
2,226.4

$
2,193.6

Accumulated depreciation
(901.4
)
(805.0
)
Property, plant, and equipment, net
$
1,325.0

$
1,388.6

(16)    BORROWINGS
Borrowings are summarized as follows:
 
September 30, 2018
December 31, 2017
2024 Dollar Term Loans
$
2,417.9

$
1,960.0

2023 Euro Term Loans

472.5

2024 Dollar Senior Notes
500.0

500.0

2024 Euro Senior Notes
392.3

399.7

2025 Euro Senior Notes
526.8

536.9

Short-term and other borrowings
102.8

94.8

Unamortized original issue discount
(13.2
)
(9.1
)
Unamortized deferred financing costs
(32.1
)
(39.2
)

$
3,894.5

$
3,915.6

Less:


Short-term borrowings
$
18.2

$
12.9

Current portion of long-term borrowings
24.3

24.8

Long-term debt
$
3,852.0

$
3,877.9

Senior Secured Credit Facilities, as amended
On December 15, 2016, Axalta Coating Systems Dutch B B.V. (“Dutch B B.V.”) and its indirect 100% owned subsidiary, Axalta Coating Systems U.S. Holdings Inc. (“Axalta US Holdings”) executed the fourth amendment (the "Fourth Amendment") to the credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) governing our Senior Secured Credit Facilities (as defined below). The Fourth Amendment (i) converted all of the outstanding U.S. Dollar term loans ($1,775.3 million) into a new tranche of term loans issued at par with principal of $1,545.0 million (the "2023 Dollar Term Loans"), (ii) converted all of the outstanding Euro term loans (€199.0 million) into a new tranche of term loans issued at par with principal of €400.0 million (the "2023 Euro Term Loans" and, together with the 2023 Dollar Term Loans, the "2023 Term Loans").

20

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


On June 1, 2017, Dutch B B.V. and Axalta US Holdings executed the fifth amendment to the Credit Agreement (the "Fifth Amendment"). The Fifth Amendment converted all of the outstanding 2023 Dollar Term Loans into a new upsized tranche of term loans with principal of $2,000.0 million (the "2024 Dollar Term Loans"). The 2024 Dollar Term Loans were issued at 99.875% of par, or a $2.5 million discount.
On April 11, 2018, Dutch B B.V. and Axalta US Holdings executed the sixth amendment to the Credit Agreement (the "Sixth Amendment"). The Sixth Amendment repriced the 2024 Dollar Term Loans and increased the aggregate principal balance by $475.0 million to $2,430.0 million. The increased principal balance of the 2024 Dollar Term Loans under the Sixth Amendment was issued at 99.750% of par or a $6.0 million discount. Proceeds from the Sixth Amendment, along with cash on the balance sheet, were used to extinguish the existing 2023 Euro Term Loans. The 2024 Dollar Term Loans together with the Revolving Credit Facility, as defined herein, are referred to as the "Senior Secured Credit Facilities."
Interest was and is payable quarterly on both the 2023 Term Loans and 2024 Dollar Term Loans.
The 2024 Dollar Term Loans are subject to a floor of zero plus an applicable rate of 1.75% per annum for Eurocurrency Rate Loans as defined in the Credit Agreement and 0.75% per annum for Base Rate Loans as defined in the Credit Agreement.
Prior to the Sixth Amendment, interest on the 2024 Dollar Term Loans was subject to a floor of zero, plus an applicable rate. The applicable rate for such 2024 Dollar Term Loans was 2.00% per annum for Eurocurrency Rate Loans as defined in the Credit Agreement and 1.00% per annum for Base Rate Loans as defined in the Credit Agreement.
Prior to the Fifth Amendment, interest on the 2023 Dollar Term Loans was subject to a floor of 0.75%, plus an applicable rate. The applicable rate for such 2023 Dollar Term Loans was 2.50% per annum for Eurocurrency Rate Loans as defined in the Credit Agreement and 1.50% per annum for Base Rate Loans as defined in the Credit Agreement. The 2023 Euro Term Loans were also subject to a floor of 0.75%, plus an applicable rate of 2.25% per annum for Eurocurrency Rate Loans. The 2023 Euro Term Loans may not be Base Rate Loans.
Any indebtedness under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities may be voluntarily prepaid in whole or in part, in minimum amounts, subject to the provisions set forth in the Credit Agreement. Such indebtedness is subject to mandatory prepayments amounting to the proceeds of asset sales over $75.0 million annually, proceeds from certain debt issuances not otherwise permitted under the Credit Agreement and 50% (subject to a step-down to 25.0% or 0% if the First Lien Leverage Ratio falls below 4.25:1.00 or 3.50:1.00, respectively) of Excess Cash Flow.
The Senior Secured Credit Facilities are secured by substantially all assets of Axalta Coating Systems Dutch A B.V. ("Dutch A B.V.") and the guarantors. The 2024 Dollar Term Loans mature on June 1, 2024. Principal is paid quarterly based on 1% per annum of the original principal amount outstanding on the most recent amendment date with the unpaid balance due at maturity.
We are subject to customary negative covenants in addition to the First Lien Leverage Ratio financial covenant for purposes of determining any Excess Cash Flow mandatory payment. Further, the Senior Secured Credit Facilities, among other things, include customary restrictions (subject to certain exceptions) on the Company's ability to incur certain indebtedness, grant certain liens, make certain investments, declare or pay certain dividends, or repurchase shares of the Company's common stock. As of September 30, 2018, the Company is in compliance with all covenants under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities.
Revolving Credit Facility
On August 1, 2016 (the "Third Amendment Effective Date"), Dutch B B.V. and Axalta US Holdings executed the third amendment to the Credit Agreement (the "Third Amendment"). The Third Amendment impacted the Revolving Credit Facility by (i) extending the maturity of the Revolving Credit Facility to five years from the Third Amendment Effective Date, or August 1, 2021, provided that such date will be accelerated to the date that is 91 days prior to the maturity of the term loans borrowed under the Credit Agreement if the maturity of such term loans precedes the maturity of the Revolving Credit Facility, (ii) decreasing the applicable interest margins, and (iii) amending the financial covenant applicable to the Revolving Credit Facility to be applicable only when greater than 30% (previously 25%) of the Revolving Credit Facility (including letters of credit not cash collateralized to at least 103%) is outstanding at the end of the fiscal quarter. If such conditions are met, the First Lien Net Leverage Ratio (as defined by the Credit Agreement) at the end of the quarter is required to be greater than 5.50:1.00. At September 30, 2018, the financial covenant is not applicable as there were no borrowings.

21

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


Under the Third Amendment, interest on any outstanding borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility is subject to a floor of zero for Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate Loans (as defined in the Credit Agreement) plus an applicable rate of 2.75% (previously 3.50%) subject to an additional step-down to 2.50% or 2.25%, if the First Lien Net Leverage Ratio falls below 3.00:1.00 or 2.50:1.00, respectively. For Base Rate Loans, the interest is subject to a floor of the greater of the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, the Prime Lending Rate or an Adjusted Eurocurrency Rate plus 1%, plus an applicable rate of 1.75% (previously 2.50%), subject to an additional step-down to 1.50% or 1.25%, if the First Lien Net Leverage Ratio falls below 3.00:1.00 and 2.50:1.00, respectively.
Under circumstances described in the Credit Agreement, we may increase available revolving or term facility borrowings by up to $400.0 million plus an additional amount subject to the Company not exceeding a maximum first lien leverage ratio described in the Credit Agreement.
There have been no borrowings on the Revolving Credit Facility since the issuance of the Senior Secured Credit Facilities. At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, letters of credit issued under the Revolving Credit Facility totaled $43.8 million and $35.5 million, respectively, which reduced the availability under the Revolving Credit Facility. Availability under the Revolving Credit Facility was $356.2 million and $364.5 million at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
Significant Transactions
During the year ended December 31, 2017, we voluntarily prepaid $30.0 million in principal of the outstanding 2024 Dollar Term Loans, resulting in a loss of $0.4 million.
Significant Terms of the Senior Notes
On August 16, 2016, Axalta Coating Systems, LLC (the "U.S. Issuer") issued $500.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 4.875% Senior Unsecured Notes (the “2024 Dollar Senior Notes”) and €335.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 4.250% Senior Unsecured Notes (the “2024 Euro Senior Notes”), each due August 2024 (collectively the “2024 Senior Notes”).
The 2024 Senior Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Dutch B B.V. (“Parent Guarantor”).
On September 27, 2016, Dutch B B.V. (the "Dutch Issuer" and together with the U.S. Issuer, the "Issuers"), issued €450.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 3.750% Euro Senior Unsecured Notes due January 2025 (the “2025 Euro Senior Notes” and together with the 2024 Senior Notes, the "Senior Notes").
The indentures governing the Senior Notes contain covenants that restrict the ability of the Issuers and their subsidiaries to, among other things, incur additional debt, make certain payments including payment of dividends or repurchase equity interest of the Issuers, make loans or acquisitions or capital contributions and certain investments, incur certain liens, sell assets, merge or consolidate or liquidate other entities, and enter into transactions with affiliates.
(i) 2024 Dollar Senior Notes
The 2024 Dollar Senior Notes were issued at 99.951% of par, or $2.0 million discount, and are due August 15, 2024. The 2024 Dollar Senior Notes bear interest at 4.875% which is payable semi-annually on February 15 and August 15. We have the option to redeem all or part of the 2024 Dollar Senior Notes at the following redemption prices (expressed as percentages of principal amount) on or after August 15 of the years indicated:
Period
2024 Dollar Senior Notes Percentage
2019
103.656
%
2020
102.438
%
2021
101.219
%
2022 and thereafter
100.000
%

22

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


Notwithstanding the foregoing, at any time and from time to time prior to August 15, 2019, we may at our option redeem in the aggregate up to 40% of the original aggregate principal amount of the 2024 Dollar Senior Notes with the net cash proceeds of one or more Equity Offerings (as defined in the indenture governing the 2024 Dollar Senior Notes) at a redemption price of 104.875% plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date. At least 50% of the original aggregate principal of the notes must remain outstanding after each such redemption.
Upon the occurrence of certain events constituting a change of control, holders of the 2024 Dollar Senior Notes have the right to require us to repurchase all or any part of the 2024 Dollar Senior Notes at a purchase price equal to 101% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the repurchase date.
The 2024 Dollar Senior Notes, subject to local law limitations, will initially be jointly and severally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by each of the Parent Guarantor’s existing and future direct and indirect subsidiaries that is a borrower under or that guarantees the Senior Secured Credit Facilities. Under certain circumstances, the guarantors may be released from their guarantees without the consent of the holders of the applicable series of notes.
The indebtedness issued through the 2024 Dollar Senior Notes is senior unsecured indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer, is senior in right of payment to all future subordinated indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer and guarantors and is equal in right of payment to all existing and future senior indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer and guarantors. The 2024 Dollar Senior Notes are effectively subordinated to any secured indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer and guarantors (including indebtedness outstanding under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities) to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness.
(ii) 2024 Euro Senior Notes
The 2024 Euro Senior Notes were issued at par and are due August 15, 2024. The 2024 Euro Senior Notes bear interest at 4.250% which is payable semi-annually on February 15 and August 15. We have the option to redeem all or part of the 2024 Euro Senior Notes at the following redemption prices (expressed as percentages of principal amount) on or after August 15 of the years indicated:
Period
2024 Euro Senior Notes Percentage
2019
103.188
%
2020
102.125
%
2021
101.063
%
2022 and thereafter
100.000
%
Notwithstanding the foregoing, at any time and from time to time prior to August 15, 2019, we may at our option redeem in the aggregate up to 40% of the original aggregate principal amount of the 2024 Euro Senior Notes with the net cash proceeds of one or more Equity Offerings (as defined in the indenture governing the 2024 Euro Senior Notes) at a redemption price of 104.250% plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date. At least 50% of the original aggregate principal of the notes must remain outstanding after each such redemption.
Upon the occurrence of certain events constituting a change of control, holders of the 2024 Euro Senior Notes have the right to require us to repurchase all or any part of the 2024 Euro Senior Notes at a purchase price equal to 101% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the repurchase date.
The 2024 Euro Senior Notes, subject to local law limitations, will initially be jointly and severally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by each of the Parent Guarantor’s existing and future direct and indirect subsidiaries that is a borrower under or that guarantees the Senior Secured Credit Facilities. Under certain circumstances, the guarantors may be released from their guarantees without the consent of the holders of the applicable series of notes.
The indebtedness issued through the 2024 Euro Senior Notes is senior unsecured indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer, is senior in right of payment to all future subordinated indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer and guarantors and is equal in right of payment to all existing and future senior indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer and guarantors. The 2024 Euro Senior Notes are effectively subordinated to any secured indebtedness of the U.S. Issuer and guarantors (including indebtedness outstanding under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities) to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness.

23

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(iii) 2025 Euro Senior Notes
The 2025 Euro Senior Notes were issued at par and are due January 15, 2025. The 2025 Euro Senior Notes bear interest at 3.750% which is payable semi-annually on January 15 and July 15. We have the option to redeem all or part of the 2025 Euro Senior Notes at the following redemption prices (expressed as percentages of principal amount) on or after January 15 of the years indicated:
Period
2025 Euro Senior Notes Percentage
2020
102.813
%
2021
101.875
%
2022
100.938
%
2023 and thereafter
100.000
%
Notwithstanding the foregoing, at any time and from time to time prior to January 15, 2020, we may at our option redeem in the aggregate up to 40% of the original aggregate principal amount of the 2025 Euro Senior Notes with the net cash proceeds of one or more Equity Offerings (as defined in the indenture governing the 2025 Euro Senior Notes) at a redemption price of 103.750% plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date. At least 50% of the original aggregate principal of the notes must remain outstanding after each such redemption.
Upon the occurrence of certain events constituting a change of control, holders of the 2025 Euro Senior Notes have the right to require us to repurchase all or any part of the 2025 Euro Senior Notes at a purchase price equal to 101% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the repurchase date.
The 2025 Euro Senior Notes, subject to local law limitations, will initially be jointly and severally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by each of the Dutch Issuer’s existing and future direct and indirect subsidiaries that is a borrower under or that guarantees the Senior Secured Credit Facilities. Under certain circumstances, the guarantors may be released from their guarantees without the consent of the holders of the applicable series of notes.
The indebtedness issued through the 2025 Euro Senior Notes is senior unsecured indebtedness of the Dutch Issuer, is senior in right of payment to all future subordinated indebtedness of the Dutch Issuer and guarantors and is equal in right of payment to all existing and future senior indebtedness of the Dutch Issuer and guarantors. The 2025 Euro Senior Notes are effectively subordinated to any secured indebtedness of the Dutch Issuer and guarantors (including indebtedness outstanding under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities) to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness.
Future repayments
Below is a schedule of required future repayments of all borrowings outstanding at September 30, 2018.
Remainder of 2018
$
18.5

2019
32.0

2020
25.1

2021
25.2

2022
52.0

Thereafter
3,768.6

 
$
3,921.4

The table above excludes $18.4 million of debt associated with our sale-leaseback financings that will not be settled with cash.

24

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(17)    FAIR VALUE ACCOUNTING
Fair value of financial instruments
Equity securities with readily determinable fair values - Balances of equity securities are recorded within other assets, with any changes in fair value recorded within other expense, net. The fair values of available for sale securities are based upon Level 1 inputs when the securities are actively traded with quoted market prices.

Long-term borrowings - The estimated fair values of these notes are based on recent trades, as reported by a third-party pricing service. Due to the infrequency of trades, these inputs are considered to be Level 2 inputs.

Derivative instruments - The Company’s interest rate caps, interest rate swaps, and cross-currency swaps are valued using broker quotations, or market transactions in either the listed or over-the-counter markets. As such, these derivative instruments are considered to be Level 2 inputs.
Fair value of contingent consideration
The fair value of contingent consideration associated with acquisitions completed in current and prior years are valued at each balance sheet date, until amounts become payable, with adjustments recorded within selling, general and administrative expenses on the condensed consolidated statement of operations. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 the Company recorded gains of $0.7 million and $4.6 million associated with the changes to fair value, respectively. Adjustments made to fair value were immaterial for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018. The Company paid the remaining $8.9 million contingent consideration in the nine months ended September 30, 2018. Due to the significant unobservable inputs used in the valuations, these liabilities are categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

25

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


The table below presents the fair values of our financial instruments measured on a recurring basis by level within the fair value hierarchy at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prepaid expenses and other:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate caps (1)
 
$

 
$
4.7

 
$

 
$
4.7

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

Cross-currency swaps (2)
 

 
12.1

 

 
12.1

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency forward contracts (3)
 

 
0.1

 

 
0.1

 

 

 

 

Other assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Interest rate caps (1)
 

 
5.9

 

 
5.9

 

 
1.2

 

 
1.2

Interest rate swaps (1)
 

 
5.9

 

 
5.9

 

 

 

 

Cross-currency swaps (2)
 

 
0.4

 

 
0.4

 

 

 

 

Investment in equity securities
 
0.7

 

 

 
0.7

 
4.3

 

 

 
4.3

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other accrued liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate caps (1)
 

 

 

 

 

 
2.6

 

 
2.6

Foreign currency forward contracts (3)
 

 

 

 

 

 
0.7

 

 
0.7

Contingent consideration
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
8.9

 
8.9

Long-term borrowings:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2024 Dollar Senior Notes
 

 
501.9

 

 
501.9

 

 
524.4

 

 
524.4

2024 Euro Senior Notes
 

 
409.9

 

 
409.9

 

 
427.7

 

 
427.7

2025 Euro Senior Notes
 

 
540.7

 

 
540.7

 

 
571.8

 

 
571.8

2024 Dollar Term Loans
 

 
2,369.5

 

 
2,369.5

 

 
1,967.4

 

 
1,967.4

2023 Euro Term Loans
 

 

 

 

 

 
475.5

 

 
475.5

(1) Cash flow hedge
(2) Net investment hedge
(3) Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
(18)    DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
We selectively use derivative instruments to reduce market risk associated with changes in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates. The use of derivatives is intended for hedging purposes only and we do not enter into derivative instruments for speculative purposes. A description of each type of derivative used to manage risk is included in the following paragraphs. See Note 17 for the location and fair values of derivative instruments included in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Derivative Instruments Qualifying and Designated as Cash Flow and Net Investment Hedges
Interest Rate Caps Designated as Cash Flow Hedges
During the year ended December 31, 2017, we entered into four 1.5% interest rate caps with aggregate notional amounts totaling $850.0 million to hedge the variable interest rate exposures on our 2024 Dollar Term Loans. Three of these interest rate caps, comprising $600.0 million of the notional value, expire December 31, 2019 and had a deferred premium of $8.6 million at inception. The fourth interest rate cap, comprising the remaining $250.0 million of the notional value, expires December 31, 2021 and had a deferred premium of $8.1 million at inception. All deferred premiums are paid quarterly over the term of the respective interest rate caps. These interest rate caps are marked to market at each reporting date and any unrealized gains or losses are included in accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income ("AOCI") and reclassified to interest expense in the same period or periods during which the hedged transactions affect earnings.

26

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


Interest Rate Swaps Designated as Cash Flow Hedges
During the three months ended June 30, 2018, we entered into three interest rate swaps with aggregate notional amounts totaling $475.0 million to hedge interest rate exposures related to variable rate borrowings under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities. Under the terms of the interest rate swap agreements, the Company is required to pay the counter-parties a stream of fixed interest payments at a rate of 2.72% and in turn, receives variable interest payments based on 3-month LIBOR from the counter-parties. The interest rate swaps are designated as cash flow hedges and expire on March 31, 2023. These interest rate swaps are marked to market at each reporting date and any unrealized gains or losses are included in AOCI and reclassified to interest expense in the same period or periods during which the hedged transactions affect earnings.
Cross-Currency Swaps Designated as Net Investment Hedges
During the three months ended June 30, 2018, we entered into three fixed-for-fixed cross-currency swaps with aggregate notional amounts totaling $475.0 million to hedge the variability of exchange rate impacts between the U.S. Dollar and Euro. Under the terms of the cross-currency swap agreements, the Company has notionally exchanged $475.0 million at a weighted average interest rate of 4.47% for €387.2 million at a weighted average interest rate of 1.95%. The cross-currency swaps are designated as net investment hedges and expire on March 31, 2023. These cross-currency swaps are marked to market at each reporting date and any unrealized gains or losses are included in unrealized currency translation adjustments, within AOCI.
The following table presents the location and fair values using Level 2 inputs of derivative instruments that qualify and have been designated as cash flow and net investment hedges included in accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income:
 
September 30, 2018
December 31, 2017
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income (AOCI):
 
 
Interest rate caps (cash flow hedges)
(8.1
)
2.0

Interest rate swaps (cash flow hedges)
(5.9
)

Cross-currency swaps (net investment hedges)
(12.5
)

Total accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
$
(26.5
)
$
2.0

Gains and losses on the derivative representing hedge components excluded from the assessment of effectiveness are recognized over the life of the hedge on a systematic and rational basis.

27

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


The following tables set forth the locations and amounts recognized during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 for these cash flow and net investment hedges.
 
 
For the Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
2017
Derivatives in Cash Flow and Net Investment Hedges
Location of (Gain) Loss Recognized in Income on Derivatives
Net Amount of (Gain) Loss Recognized in OCI on Derivatives
Amount of (Gain) Loss Recognized in Income
Net Amount of (Gain) Loss Recognized in OCI on Derivatives
Amount of (Gain) Loss Recognized in Income
Interest rate caps
Interest expense, net
$
(1.1
)
$
(0.7
)
$

$
(0.1
)
Interest rate swaps
Interest expense, net
(2.5
)
0.5



Cross-currency swaps
Interest expense, net
5.5

(3.2
)


 
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
2017
Derivatives in Cash Flow and Net Investment Hedges
Location of (Gain) Loss Recognized in Income on Derivatives
Net Amount of (Gain) Loss Recognized in OCI on Derivatives
Amount of (Gain) Loss Recognized in Income
Net Amount of (Gain) Loss Recognized in OCI on Derivatives
Amount of (Gain) Loss Recognized in Income
Interest rate caps
Interest expense, net
$
(11.5
)
$
(1.4
)
$
3.7

$
2.6

Interest rate swaps
Interest expense, net
(5.0
)
0.9



Cross-currency swaps
Interest expense, net
(18.4
)
(5.9
)


Over the next 12 months, we expect gains of $2.0 million pertaining to cash flow hedges to be reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income into earnings, related to our interest rate caps and interest rate swaps.
Derivative Instruments Not Designated as Cash Flow Hedges
We periodically enter into foreign currency forward and option contracts to reduce market risk and hedge our balance sheet exposures and cash flows for subsidiaries with exposures denominated in currencies different from the functional currency of the relevant subsidiary. These contracts have not been designated as hedges and all gains and losses are marked to market through other expense, net in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.
During the year ended December 31, 2017, we purchased a 1.25% interest rate cap with a notional amount of €388.0 million to hedge the variable interest rate exposures on our 2023 Euro Term Loans. We paid a premium equal to $0.6 million for the interest rate cap which is effective through December 31, 2019. Changes in the fair value of the derivative instrument are recorded in current period earnings and are included in interest expense. The fair value of this interest rate cap at September 30, 2018 was zero.
Fair value gains and losses of derivative contracts, as determined using Level 2 inputs, that have not been designated for hedge accounting treatment are recorded in earnings as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine months ended September 30,
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging
Instruments under ASC 815
Location of (Gain) Loss Recognized in
Income on Derivatives
2018
2017
2018
2017
Interest rate caps
Interest expense, net
$

$
0.2

$

$
0.6

Foreign currency forward contracts
Other expense, net
(3.0
)
2.5

(7.6
)
9.7


28

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(19)    SEGMENTS
The Company identifies an operating segment as a component: (i) that engages in business activities from which it may earn revenues and incur expenses; (ii) whose operating results are regularly reviewed by the Chief Operating Decision Maker ("CODM") to make decisions about resources to be allocated to the segment and assess its performance; and (iii) that has available discrete financial information.
We have two operating segments, which are also our reportable segments: Performance Coatings and Transportation Coatings. The CODM reviews financial information at the operating segment level to allocate resources and to assess the operating results and financial performance for each operating segment. Our CODM is identified as the Chief Executive Officer because he has final authority over performance assessment and resource allocation decisions. Our segments are based on the type and concentration of customers served, service requirements, methods of distribution and major product lines.
Through our Performance Coatings segment, we provide high-quality liquid and powder coatings solutions to a fragmented and local customer base. We are one of only a few suppliers with the technology to provide precise color matching and highly durable coatings systems. The end-markets within this segment are refinish and industrial.
Through our Transportation Coatings segment, we provide advanced coating technologies to OEMs of light and commercial vehicles. These increasingly global customers require a high level of technical support coupled with cost-effective, environmentally responsible coatings systems that can be applied with a high degree of precision, consistency and speed. The end-markets within this segment are light vehicle and commercial vehicle.
Our business serves four end-markets globally as follows: 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2018
2017
2018
2017
Performance Coatings
 
 
 
 
Refinish
$
440.7

$
395.3

$
1,300.4

$
1,205.1

Industrial
314.3

298.2

967.8

737.7

Total Net sales Performance Coatings
755.0

693.5

2,268.2

1,942.8

Transportation Coatings
 
 
 
 
Light Vehicle
299.2

309.7

978.1

984.0

Commercial Vehicle
85.1

88.6

265.3

261.3

Total Net sales Transportation Coatings
384.3

398.3

1,243.4

1,245.3

Total Net sales
$
1,139.3

$
1,091.8

$
3,511.6

$
3,188.1


29

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


Asset information is not reviewed or included with our internal management reporting. Therefore, the Company has not disclosed asset information for each reportable segment.
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
2017
 
Performance
Coatings
Transportation
Coatings
Total
Performance
Coatings
Transportation
Coatings
Total
Net sales (1)
$
755.0

$
384.3

$
1,139.3

$
693.5

$
398.3

$
1,091.8

Equity in earnings in unconsolidated affiliates
0.2


0.2


0.1

0.1

Adjusted EBITDA (2)
176.4

58.3

234.7

135.1

74.4

209.5

Investment in unconsolidated affiliates
3.4

13.3

16.7

3.1

12.3

15.4

 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2018
2017
 
Performance
Coatings
Transportation
Coatings
Total
Performance
Coatings
Transportation
Coatings
Total
Net sales (1)
$
2,268.2

$
1,243.4

$
3,511.6

$
1,942.8

$
1,245.3

$
3,188.1

Equity in earnings in unconsolidated affiliates
0.3

0.3

0.6

0.2

0.3

0.5

Adjusted EBITDA (2)
496.1

206.2

702.3

398.8

241.0

639.8

Investment in unconsolidated affiliates
3.4

13.3

16.7

3.1

12.3

15.4

(1)
The Company has no intercompany sales between segments.
(2)
The primary measure of segment operating performance is Adjusted EBITDA, which is defined as net income before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization and select other items impacting operating results. These other items impacting operating results are items that management has concluded are (1) non-cash items included within net income, (2) items the Company does not believe are indicative of ongoing operating performance or (3) non-recurring, unusual or infrequent items that have not occurred within the last two years or we believe are not reasonably likely to recur within the next two years. Adjusted EBITDA is a key metric that is used by management to evaluate business performance in comparison to budgets, forecasts and prior year financial results, providing a measure that management believes reflects the Company’s core operating performance, which represents EBITDA adjusted for the select items referred to above. Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to income before income taxes follows:

30

Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


 
Three Months Ended September 30,
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2018
2017
2018
2017
Income before income taxes
$
2.5

$
58.4

$
184.4

$
124.8

Interest expense, net
39.8

37.7

118.5

109.1

Depreciation and amortization
92.8

88.6

274.9

255.9

EBITDA
135.1

184.7

577.8

489.8

Debt extinguishment and refinancing related costs (a)

0.6

8.4

13.0

Foreign exchange remeasurement losses (b)
7.0

3.5

8.7

8.3

Long-term employee benefit plan adjustments (c)
(0.4
)
(0.1
)
(1.4
)
0.4

Termination benefits and other employee related costs (d)
82.4

5.8

80.2

6.6

Transition-related costs (e)

1.9

(0.2
)
5.8

Offering and transactional costs (f)
0.8

0.5

1.1

6.1

Stock-based compensation (g)
9.4

9.2

27.5

30.5

Other adjustments (h)
0.4

0.8

1.2

3.5

Dividends in respect of noncontrolling interest (i)

(1.8
)
(1.0
)
(2.7
)
Deconsolidation and site closure related impacts (j)

4.4


78.5

Adjusted EBITDA
$
234.7

$
209.5

$
702.3

$
639.8

(a)
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and September 30, 2017, we refinanced our term loans, which resulted in losses of $8.4 million and $13.0 million, respectively, including changes to estimates of $0.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017. We do not consider these to be indicative of our ongoing operating performance.
(b)
Eliminates foreign exchange losses resulting from the remeasurement of assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, net of the impacts of our foreign currency instruments used to hedge our balance sheet exposures.
(c)
Eliminates the non-cash, non-service cost components of long-term employee benefit costs.
(d)
Represents expenses and associated changes to estimates related to employee termination benefits and other employee-related costs, which includes Axalta CEO recruitment fees. Employee termination benefits are associated with Axalta Way initiatives. These amounts are not considered indicative of our ongoing operating performance.
(e)
Represents integration costs and associated changes to estimates related to the 2017 acquisition of the Industrial Wood business that was a carve-out business from Valspar. These amounts are not considered indicative of our ongoing operating performance.
(f)
Represents acquisition-related expenses, including changes in the fair value of contingent consideration, which are not considered indicative of our ongoing operating performance.
(g)
Represents non-cash costs associated with stock-based compensation.
(h)
Represents certain non-operational or non-cash gains and losses unrelated to our core business and which we do not consider indicative of ongoing operations, including indemnity losses associated with the acquisition by Axalta of the DuPont Performance Coatings business, gains and losses from the sale and disposal of property, plant and equipment, gains and losses from the remaining foreign currency derivative instruments and from non-cash fair value inventory adjustments associated with our business combinations.
(i)
Represents the payment of dividends to our joint venture partners by our consolidated entities that are not 100% owned, which are reflected to show the cash operating performance of these entities on Axalta's financial statements.
(j)
During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, we recorded a loss in conjunction with the deconsolidation of our Venezuelan subsidiary and a non-cash impairment charge related to a real estate investment of $70.9 million. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, we recorded non-cash impairment charges related to certain manufacturing facilities previously announced for closure of $4.4 million and $7.6 million, respectively. We do not consider these to be indicative of our ongoing operating performance.

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


(20)    SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
The following tables present the change in total shareholders’ equity for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
 
Total Axalta
Noncontrolling
Interests
Total
Balance at December 31, 2017
$
1,276.1

$
131.7

$
1,407.8

Cumulative effect of an accounting change
12.1

0.1

12.2

Balance at January 1, 2018
$
1,288.2

$
131.8

$
1,420.0

Net income
131.7

4.8

136.5

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
(70.6
)
(3.1
)
(73.7
)
Recognition of stock-based compensation
27.5


27.5

Exercise of stock options
17.2


17.2

Treasury share repurchases
(153.5
)

(153.5
)
Non-controlling interests of acquired subsidiaries
2.9

(29.8
)
(26.9
)
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests

(1.0
)
(1.0
)
Balance at September 30, 2018
$
1,243.4

$
102.7

$
1,346.1

 
Total Axalta
Noncontrolling
Interests
Total
Balance at December 31, 2016
$
1,125.1

$
121.5

$
1,246.6

Net income
98.2

5.1

103.3

Other comprehensive income, net of tax
94.1

1.0

95.1

Recognition of stock-based compensation
30.5


30.5

Exercise of stock options
19.9


19.9

Treasury share repurchases
(58.4
)

(58.4
)
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests

(2.7
)
(2.7
)
Balance at September 30, 2017
$
1,309.4

$
124.9

$
1,434.3

(21)    ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
 
Unrealized
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
Pension
Adjustments
Unrealized
Gain (Loss) on
Securities
Unrealized
Gain (Losses) on
Derivatives
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Balance at December 31, 2017
$
(208.8
)
$
(31.4
)
$
0.8

$
(1.6
)
$
(241.0
)
Cumulative effect of an accounting change


(0.8
)

(0.8
)
Balance at January 1, 2018
(208.8
)
(31.4
)

(1.6
)
(241.8
)
Current year deferrals to AOCI
(83.8
)
(1.5
)

14.4

(70.9
)
Reclassifications from AOCI to Net income (loss)

0.7


(0.4
)
0.3

Net Change
(83.8
)
(0.8
)

14.0

(70.6
)
Balance at September 30, 2018
$
(292.6
)
$
(32.2
)
$

$
12.4

$
(312.4
)

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(In millions, unless otherwise noted)


The income tax provision related to the changes in pension benefits for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $0.1 million. The cumulative income tax benefit related to the adjustments for pension benefits at September 30, 2018 was $12.9 million. The income tax provision related to the change in the unrealized loss on derivatives for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $2.2 million. The cumulative income tax provision related to the adjustments for unrealized loss on derivatives at September 30, 2018 was $1.6 million.
 
Unrealized
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
Pension
Adjustments
Unrealized
Gain (Loss) on
Securities
Unrealized
Gain (Loss) on
Derivatives
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Balance at December 31, 2016
$
(292.2
)
$
(56.6
)
$
0.4

$
(2.0
)
$
(350.4
)
Current year deferrals to AOCI
88.3

(0.3
)
(0.1
)
1.7

89.6

Reclassifications from AOCI to Net income

6.2


(1.7
)
4.5

Net Change
88.3

5.9

(0.1
)

94.1

Balance at September 30, 2017
$
(203.9
)
$
(50.7
)
$
0.3

$
(2.0
)
$
(256.3
)
Included in the reclassification from AOCI to net income (loss) was a pension plan adjustment related to the deconsolidation of our Venezuelan subsidiary and the corresponding write-off of the accumulated actuarial loss on our Venezuela pension plan. This resulted in a decrease of $5.9 million in AOCI, inclusive of $2.6 million of tax benefits, and is discussed further in Note 22.
The income tax expense related to the changes in pension benefits for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $3.1 million. The cumulative income tax benefit related to the adjustments for pension benefits at September 30, 2017 was $16.0 million. The income tax benefit related to the change in the unrealized loss on derivatives for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $1.1 million. The cumulative income tax benefit related to the adjustments for unrealized loss on derivatives at September 30, 2017 was $2.2 million.
(22)    VENEZUELA
Due to the challenging economic conditions and political unrest in Venezuela, which have resulted in increasingly restrictive foreign exchange control regulations and reduced access to U.S. dollars through official currency exchange markets, during the three months ended June 30, 2017, we concluded there was an other-than-temporary lack of exchangeability between the Venezuelan bolivar and the U.S. dollar. This lack of exchangeability restricted our Venezuelan subsidiary's ability to pay dividends or settle intercompany obligations, which severely limited our ability to realize the benefits from earnings of our Venezuelan operations and access the resulting liquidity provided by those earnings.
Based on this lack of exchangeability, the continued political unrest, the recent drop in demand for our business and the losses incurred, we concluded that we no longer met the accounting criteria of control in order to continue consolidating our Venezuelan operations and accounted for our investments in our Venezuelan subsidiary under the cost method of accounting. As a result of this change, we recorded a loss of $70.9 million on our condensed consolidated statement of operations during the nine months ended September 30, 2017. This loss was comprised of the subsidiary's net assets for $30.0 million, counterparty intercompany receivables with our Venezuela subsidiary for $35.0 million and unrealized actuarial losses associated with pension plans in accumulated other comprehensive income of $5.9 million. The value of the cost investment and all previous intercompany balances were zero at June 30, 2017. Further, our consolidated balance sheet and statement of operations excludes the results of our Venezuelan operations. We will recognize income only to the extent that we are paid for inventory we sell or receive cash dividends from our Venezuelan legal entity.
Prior to the deconsolidation, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, our Venezuelan subsidiary's net sales represented zero and $2.5 million of our consolidated net sales, respectively.

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the condensed notes thereto included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as well as the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Many statements made in the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not statements of historical fact, including statements about our beliefs and expectations, are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of federal securities laws and should be evaluated as such. Forward-looking statements include information concerning possible or assumed future results of operations, including descriptions of our business plan, strategies and capital structure. These statements often include words such as "anticipate," "expect," "suggests," "plan," "believe," "intend," "estimates," "targets," "projects," "should," "could," "would," "may," "will," "forecast" and other similar expressions. We base these forward-looking statements or projections on our current expectations, plans and assumptions that we have made in light of our experience in the industry, as well as our perceptions of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors we believe are appropriate under the circumstances and at such time. As you read and consider this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, you should understand that these statements are not guarantees of performance or results. The forward-looking statements and projections are subject to and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including, but not limited to, the risks and uncertainties described in "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" and "Forward-Looking Statements," as well as "Risk Factors" and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements or projections. Although we believe that these forward-looking statements and projections are based on reasonable assumptions at the time they are made, you should be aware that many factors could affect our actual financial results or results of operations and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements and projections. Factors that may materially affect such forward-looking statements and projections include:
adverse developments in economic conditions and, particularly, in conditions in the automotive and transportation industries;
volatility in the capital, credit and commodities markets;
our inability to successfully execute on our growth strategy;
increased competition;
weather conditions or severe storms that may temporarily reduce the demand for some of our products;
reduced demand for some of our products as a result of improved safety features on vehicles and insurance company influence;
risks of the loss or change in purchasing levels of any of our significant customers or the consolidation of multi-shop operators (MSOs), distributors and/or body shops;
our reliance on our distributor network and third-party delivery services for the distribution and export of certain of our products;
credit risk exposure from our customers;
price increases or interruptions in our supply of raw materials;
failure to develop and market new products and manage product life cycles;
business disruptions, security threats and security breaches, including cyber security risks to our information technology systems;
risks associated with our outsourcing strategies;
risks associated with our non-U.S. operations;
currency-related risks;
terrorist acts, conflicts, wars and natural disasters that may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations;
failure to comply with the anti-corruption laws of the United States and various international jurisdictions;
failure to comply with anti-terrorism laws and regulations and applicable trade embargoes;

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Table of Contents

risks associated with protecting data privacy;
significant environmental liabilities and costs as a result of our current and past operations or products, including operations or products related to our business prior to our acquisition of DuPont Performance Coatings;